Phytochemistry Reviews

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 615–639 | Cite as

Secondary metabolism in cannabis

  • Isvett Josefina Flores-Sanchez
  • Robert Verpoorte


Cannabis sativa L. is an annual dioecious plant from Central Asia. Cannabinoids, flavonoids, stilbenoids, terpenoids, alkaloids and lignans are some of the secondary metabolites present in C. sativa. Earlier reviews were focused on isolation and identification of more than 480 chemical compounds; this review deals with the biosynthesis of the secondary metabolites present in this plant. Cannabinoid biosynthesis and some closely related pathways that involve the same precursors are disscused.


Alkaloids Cannabinoid biosynthesis Flavones and flavonols Lignan group Stilbenes 



I. J. Flores Sanchez received a grant from CONACYT, Mexico.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isvett Josefina Flores-Sanchez
    • 1
  • Robert Verpoorte
    • 1
  1. 1.Pharmacognosy Department, Institute of BiologyLeiden UniversityLeidenThe Netherlands

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