, Volume 56, Issue 4, pp 1010–1018 | Cite as

Variation of photosynthetic characteristics and yield in wild and cultivated species of yams (Dioscorea spp.) from Koraput, India

  • B. Padhan
  • D. Panda
Original paper


Variations in leaf gas-exchange characteristics, PSII activity, leaf pigments, and tuber yield were investigated in seven wild and one cultivated species of Dioscorea from Koraput, India, in order to find out their overall adaptability to the environment. The leaf photosynthetic rate, transpiration, stomatal conductance, water-use efficiency, carboxylation efficiency, and photosynthetic pigments were significantly higher in some wild species compared to the cultivated species. In addition, some wild species showed better photochemical efficiency of PSII, photochemical quenching, and electron transport rate in comparison to cultivated one. Furthermore, leaf dry matter accumulation and tuber yield was also higher in some wild species compared to the cultivated species. Taken together, the wild species, such as D. oppositifolia, D. hamiltonii, and D. pubera, showed the superior photosynthetic efficiency compared to the cultivated D. alata and they could be used for future crop improvement programs.

Additional key words

chlorophyll fluorescence gas exchange photosynthesis tuber yield 





carboxylation efficiency (= PN/Ci)




intercellular CO2 concentration


dry mass


dry matter accumulation


transpiration rate


electron transport rate


minimal fluorescence yield of the dark-adapted state


minimal fluorescence yield of the light-adapted state


maximal fluorescence yield of the darkadapted state


maximal fluorescence yield of the light-adapted state


maximal quantum yield of PSII photochemistry


fresh mass


stomatal conductance


least significant difference


nonphotochemical quenching


net photosynthetic rate


photochemical quenching coefficient


relative water content


water-use efficiency (= PN/E)


effective quantum yield of PSII photochemistry


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Copyright information

© The Institute of Experimental Botany 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biodiversity and Conservation of Natural ResourcesCentral University of OrissaKoraput, OdishaIndia

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