, Volume 56, Issue 4, pp 1019–1030 | Cite as

Morpho-physiological and biochemical responses of muskmelon genotypes to different degree of water deficit

  • W. A. Ansari
  • N. Atri
  • B. Singh
  • P. Kumar
  • S. Pandey
Original paper


Morpho-physiological and biochemical analyses were carried out in eight diverse indigenous muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.) genotypes exposed to different degrees of water deficit (WD). The ability of genotypes MM-7, and especially MM-6, to counteract better the negative effect of WD was associated with maintaining higher relative water content (RWC), photosynthetic rate, efficiency of PSII, and photosynthetic pigments compare to other genotypes. Furthermore, MM-6 showed a better ability to maintain cellular homeostasis than the others. It was indicated by a stimulated antioxidative defense system, i.e., higher activities of antioxidant enzymes, accumulation of nonenzymatic antioxidants together with lower concentration of reactive oxygen species and malondialdehyde. However, the genotypes MM-2 and MM-5 suffered greatly due to WD and showed reduced RWC, photosynthetic rates, pigment content, and exhibited higher oxidative stress observed as lower antioxidant enzyme activities.

Additional key words

antioxidant enzyme muskmelon photosynthesis proline reactive oxygen species 



ascorbate peroxidase






dry mass


Duncan’s multiple range tests


days of water deficit


electrolyte leakage


fresh mass


maximal quantum yield of PSII photochemistry


glutathione reductase


stomatal conductance




net photosynthetic rate


guaiacol peroxidase


relative water content


superoxide dismutase


soil water content


water deficit


well watered


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Copyright information

© The Institute of Experimental Botany 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. A. Ansari
    • 2
    • 3
  • N. Atri
    • 3
  • B. Singh
    • 1
  • P. Kumar
    • 3
  • S. Pandey
    • 1
  1. 1.ICAR–Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, P.O.-Jakhani (Shahanshahpur)Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh)India
  2. 2.Department of BotanyM.M.V, Banaras Hindu UniversityVaranasi (Uttar Pradesh)India
  3. 3.ICAR–Central Arid Zone Research InstituteJodhpur (Rajasthan)India

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