Characterization of isolated photosystem I from Halomicronema hongdechloris, a chlorophyll f-producing cyanobacterium


Halomicronema hongdechloris is a chlorophyll (Chl) f-producing cyanobacterium. Chl f biosynthesis is induced under far-red light, extending its photosynthetically active radiation range to 760 nm. In this study, PSI complexes were isolated and purified from H. hongdechloris, grown under white light (WL) and far-red light (FR), by a combination of density gradient ultracentrifugation and chromatographic separation. WL-PSI showed similar pigment composition as that of Synechocystis 6803, using Chl a in the reaction center. Both Chl a and f were detected in the FR-PSI, although Chl f was a minor component (~8% of total Chl). The FR-PSI showed a maximal fluorescence emission peak of 750 nm at 77 K, which is red-shifted ~20 nm compared to the 730 nm recorded from the WL-PSI. The absorption peaks of P700 for WLPSI and FR-PSI were 699 nm and 702 nm, respectively. The function of Chl f in FR-PSI is discussed.

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complementary chromatic adaptation




730 nm light-emitting diodes


β-dodecyl maltoside


far-red light photoacclimation


far-red light


isolated PSI from 730 nm LED-illuminated culture








white fluorescent light


isolated PSI from white light culture


purified PSI complexes from Synechocystis 6803


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Corresponding author

Correspondence to M. Chen.

Additional information

Acknowledgements: The research was supported by the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for translational photosynthesis (CE140100015). The authors thank Dr. Ben Crossette (mass-spectral facility, University of Sydney) and Dr. Miguel A. Hernández-Prieto for assisting with LC-MS/MS and spectral analysis.

Electronic supplementary material

Fig. 1S. The HPLC chromatographs for the sucrose density band isolated from white light (WL) and far red light (FR) grown Halomicronema hongdechloris. The solid black (FR-2) and grey line (FR-1) represent the chromatographs for the FR band 2 and 1 (Fig.1), respectively. The dash black (WL-2) and grey line (WL-1) represent the chromatographs for the WL band 2 and 1 (Fig.1), respectively. Carotenoids, Chl f, Chl a, Chl a’, β-carotene and pheophytin a are assigned based on their retention time and online spectra.

Fig. 2S. Sequence alignment for PsaL’s detected from isolated PSI complexes of H. hongdechloris. PsaL (1JB0_L) from PSI crystal structure of Synechococcus elongates is used as a reference. The residues ligating chlorophyll a’s are highlighted by asterisk “*”.

Table 1S. LC-MS/MS peptide determinations for polypeptides resolved on SDS-PAGE (Fig. 3)

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Li, Y., Vella, N. & Chen, M. Characterization of isolated photosystem I from Halomicronema hongdechloris, a chlorophyll f-producing cyanobacterium. Photosynthetica 56, 306–315 (2018).

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Additional key words

  • cyanobacteria
  • far-red light photoacclimation
  • oxygenic photosynthesis
  • red-shifted chlorophyll