Tomato samples were collected from the field of Absheron peninsula in Azerbaijan in order to evaluate the incidence of main Tobamoviruses. According to results of serological and molecular tests, Tomato mosaic virus (ToMV), Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV), and Pepper mild mottle virus (PMMoV) were detected as single and mixed infections (TMV + PMMoV; ToMV + PMMoV) in various tomato samples. It was found that Tobamovirus infection caused an increase in the content of malondialdehyde, alterations in the activities of peroxidase enzymes and quantitative and qualitative changes in their molecular isoforms. A comparison of thylakoid membrane polypeptides from virus-infected leaves indicated a decrease in the content of the thylakoid membrane polypeptides with molecular masses of 123, 55, 47, 33, 28–24, 17, and 15 kD. PSII efficiency and the content of chlorophylls (a and b) were significantly lower in the virus-infected leaves.
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Cucumber mosaic virus
- F0 :
initial values of chlorophyll fluorescence
- Fm :
maximal values of chlorophyll fluorescence
- Fv/Fm :
maximal quantum efficiency of PSII
Pepper mild mottle virus
reactive oxygen species
Tobacco mosaic virus
Tomato mosaic virus
Tomato spotted wilt virus
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Acknowledgment: This work was supported by the Science Development Foundation under the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan — Grant № EIF-2014-9(24)-KETPL-14/11/3 and Grant № EIF/GAM-3-2014-6(21)-24/15/3.
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Huseynova, I.M., Mirzayeva, S.M., Sultanova, N.F. et al. Virus-induced changes in photosynthetic parameters and peroxidase isoenzyme contents in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) plants. Photosynthetica 56, 841–850 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11099-017-0737-9