, Volume 55, Issue 1, pp 121–133 | Cite as

Variations of leaf morphology, photosynthetic traits and water-use efficiency in Western-Mediterranean tomato landraces

  • M. Fullana-Pericàs
  • M. À. Conesa
  • S. Soler
  • M. Ribas-Carbó
  • A. Granell
  • J. GalmésEmail author


Modern tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) breeding has mainly focused on increasing productivity under unlimited watering. In contrast, some Mediterranean accessions have been traditionally cultivated under water shortage and selected on the basis of their water-use efficiency (WUE). Ramellet and Penjar landraces were planted with other traditional, old and modern inbreeds, under full irrigation. In order to found differences between the tomato accessions, gas-exchange and leaf morphology measurements were performed. Despite high variability, Ramellet and Penjar presented clear differences compared to modern cultivars, mostly related to leaf morphology and photosynthetic traits, while no differences were found in WUE. Results highlighted that better leaf CO2 conductance might be a main factor determining the improvement of net CO2 assimilation and WUE.

Additional key words

carbon assimilation carbon isotope composition diffusive limitations mesophyll conductance 



accession groups


Balearic Islands Ramellet accessions


CO2 ambient concentration


chloroplastic CO2 concentration




substomatal CO2 concentration


control accessions


modern inbreeds accessions


old varieties accessions


traditional non-long shelf-life fruit genotype accessions


Catalonian Penjar accessions


electron transport rate


mesophyll conductance


stomatal conductance to H2O


the total conductance


leaf density


leaf isotope composition


leaf mass area


long shelf-life fruit phenotype


leaf thickness


principal components analyses


net photosynthetic rate


rate of mitochondrial respiration at darkness


rate of mitochondrial respiration in light


maximum velocity of Rubisco carboxylation


Valencian Country Penjar accessions


Western Mediterranean accessions


water-use efficiency


intrinsic water-use efficiency


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Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© The Institute of Experimental Botany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Fullana-Pericàs
    • 1
  • M. À. Conesa
    • 1
  • S. Soler
    • 2
  • M. Ribas-Carbó
    • 1
  • A. Granell
    • 3
  • J. Galmés
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Research Group on Plant Biology under Mediterranean Conditions, Department of BiologyUniversitat de les Illes BalearsPalmaSpain
  2. 2.Institut de Conservació i Millora de l’Agrodiversitat ValencianaUniversitat Politècnica de ValènciaValènciaSpain
  3. 3.Institut de Biologia Molecular i Cel·lular de Plantes, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones CientíficasUniversitat Politècnica de ValènciaValènciaSpain

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