Measurements of Sorbus stomata size and density, maximal photochemical efficiency of photosystem II (Fv/Fm), variable-to-initial fluorescence ratio (Fv/F0) and potential electron acceptor capacity (‘area’) were performed during leaf development in four parental diploid species, S. aria, S. aucuparia, S. chamaemespilus, S. torminalis, and two hybrid species, S. hazslinszkyana and S. intermedia. In fully expanded mature leaves, stomata lengths and densities were significantly larger in the shrub S. chamaemespilus than in the five tree species. The best performance of both the Fv/Fm and the Fv/F0 ratio was recorded in S. intermedia, whereas S. chamaemespilus had the highest value of ‘area’. From a physiological point of view, the results of this study showed that the photosystem II reaction centers remained intact functionally through all phenological stages of leaf expansion for all examined species of Sorbus.
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- Fm :
maximal fluorescence of dark-adapted state
- Fv :
- F0 :
initial fluorescence of dark-adapted state
- Fv/Fm :
maximal photochemical efficiency of photosystem II
scanning electron microscopy
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Acknowledgements: The authors thank Mrs. Elizabeth Ritch-Krč for language revision. This publication is the result of the project implementation: Centre of Excellence ‘Adaptive Forest Ecosystems’, ITMS 26220120006, supported by the Research & Development Operational Programme funded by the European Regional Development Fund (50 %). In addition, this work was financed by the Slovak Grant Agency VEGA (1/0132/12 and 1/0257/11).
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Čaňová, I., Ďurkovič, J., Hladká, D. et al. Changes in stomatal characteristics and photochemical efficiency during leaf development in six species of Sorbus . Photosynthetica 50, 635–640 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11099-012-0063-1