Predictive processing, perceiving and imagining: Is to perceive to imagine, or something close to it?
- 396 Downloads
This paper examines the relationship between perceiving and imagining on the basis of predictive processing models in neuroscience. Contrary to the received view in philosophy of mind, which holds that perceiving and imagining are essentially distinct, these models depict perceiving and imagining as deeply unified and overlapping. It is argued that there are two mutually exclusive implications of taking perception and imagination to be fundamentally unified. The view defended is what I dub the ecological–enactive view given that it does not succumb to internalism about the mind-world relation, and allows one to keep a version of the received view in play.
KeywordsPredictive processing Imagination Perception Internalism Embodiment Enactivism Realization
This work was supported by an Australian Research Council Discovery Project “Minds in Skilled Performance” (DP170102987), a John Templeton Foundation Grant “Probabilitizing Consciousness: Implications and New Directions”, by a Mind, Brain and Cognitive Evolution fellowship at Ruhr University Bochum, and by a John Templeton Foundation Academic Cross-Training Fellowship (ID #60708). The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the John Templeton Foundation. Thanks to Julian Kiverstein, Jelle Bruineberg, Erik Rietveld, Micah Allen and Jon Opie for comments on a previous version of this paper. Thanks also to the audience members of the Acting Ahead of Actuality conference at the University of Dubrovnik, Croatia, 17-18 June 2016, and to the audience members of the Imagination and Representation workshop at Flinders University, Adelaide, 28 September 2015, for valuable suggestions for improvement. And finally thanks to an anonymous reviewer.
- Chemero, A. (2009). Radical embodied cognitive science. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
- Clark, A. (2014). Perceiving as predicting. In D. Stokes, M. Matthen, & S. Biggs (Eds.), Perception and its modalities. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Clark, A. (forthcoming). Busting out: Predictive brains, embodied minds, and the puzzle of the evidentiary veil. Downloaded from: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/287216594.
- Friston, K. (2011). Embodied inference: Or ‘I Think Therefore I Am, If I Am What I Think’. In W. Tschacher & C. Bergomi (Eds.), The implications of embodiment (cognition and communication) (pp. 89–125). Exeter: Imprint Academic.Google Scholar
- Friston, K., Thornton, C., & Clark, A. (2012b). Free-energy minimization and the dark-room problem. Frontiers in Psychology, 3(130), 1–7.Google Scholar
- Gendler, T. (2011). Imagination. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 1–32.Google Scholar
- Gibson, J. J. (1979). The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. New York: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
- Hobson, J., & Friston, K. J. (2014). Consciousness, dreams, and inference: The Cartesian theatre revisited. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 21(1–2), 6–32.Google Scholar
- Kirchhoff, M. D. (2015b). Experiential fantasies, prediction and enactive minds. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 22(3–4), 68–92.Google Scholar
- Kosslyn, S. M. (1994). Image and mind. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Noë, A. (2004). Action in perception. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
- Noë, A. (2009). Out of out heads. New York: Hill & Wang.Google Scholar
- Rescorla, M. (2013). Bayesian perceptual psychology. In M. Matthen (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of the philosophy of perception. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Stone, J. V. (2013). Bayes’ rule. Sheffield: Sebtel Press.Google Scholar
- Thompson, E. (2007). Mind in life: Biology, phenomenology, and the sciences of mind. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar