Philosophical Studies

, Volume 173, Issue 5, pp 1335–1359

Three kinds of worlds and two kinds of truth


DOI: 10.1007/s11098-015-0549-3

Cite this article as:
Spohn, W. Philos Stud (2016) 173: 1335. doi:10.1007/s11098-015-0549-3


This paper argues for three kinds of possible worlds: Wittgensteinian totalities of facts, Lewisian worlds or universes, concrete objects of maximal essence, and the world, a concrete object of minimal essence. It moreover explains that correspondence truth applies to Wittgensteinian totalities and pragmatic truth to Lewisian universes. And it finally argues that this conceptualization lays proper foundations to two-dimensional semantics.


Possible worlds Metaphyiscal possiblity Epistemic possibility Correspondence truth Pragmatic truth Essentialism Two-dimensional semantics 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUniversity of KonstanzConstanceGermany

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