Philosophical Studies

, Volume 170, Issue 3, pp 465–500 | Cite as

What do philosophers believe?

  • David BourgetEmail author
  • David J. Chalmers


What are the philosophical views of contemporary professional philosophers? We surveyed many professional philosophers in order to help determine their views on 30 central philosophical issues. This article documents the results. It also reveals correlations among philosophical views and between these views and factors such as age, gender, and nationality. A factor analysis suggests that an individual’s views on these issues factor into a few underlying components that predict much of the variation in those views. The results of a metasurvey also suggest that many of the results of the survey are surprising: philosophers as a whole have quite inaccurate beliefs about the distribution of philosophical views in the profession.


Metaphilosophy Disagreement Survey Correlations Philosophy PhilPapers 



Thanks to Kelvin McQueen for research assistance. Thanks to many beta testers and other consultants for their help with survey design. For feedback on this paper, thanks to Chris Green, Kieran Healy, Angela Mendelovici, Thomas Sturm, and anonymous reviewers. Finally, thanks to everyone who completed the survey.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Western OntarioLondonCanada
  2. 2.Australian National University, New York UniversityNew YorkUSA

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