Philosophical Studies

, Volume 165, Issue 2, pp 647–669

Visual spatial constancy and modularity: Does intention penetrate vision?


DOI: 10.1007/s11098-012-9971-y

Cite this article as:
Wu, W. Philos Stud (2013) 165: 647. doi:10.1007/s11098-012-9971-y


Is vision informationally encapsulated from cognition or is it cognitively penetrated? I shall argue that intentions penetrate vision in the experience of visual spatial constancy: the world appears to be spatially stable despite our frequent eye movements. I explicate the nature of this experience and critically examine and extend current neurobiological accounts of spatial constancy, emphasizing the central role of motor signals in computing such constancy. I then provide a stringent condition for failure of informational encapsulation that emphasizes a computational condition for cognitive penetration: cognition must serve as an informational resource for visual computation. This requires proposals regarding semantic information transfer, a crucial issue in any model of informational encapsulation. I then argue that intention provides an informational resource for computation of visual spatial constancy. Hence, intention penetrates vision.


Consciousness Vision Corollary discharge Modularity Informational encapsulation Spatial representation 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for the Neural Basis of CognitionCarnegie Mellon UniversityPittsburghUSA

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