Is epistemic expressivism incompatible with inquiry?
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Expressivist views of an area of discourse encourage us to ask not about the nature of the relevant kinds of values but rather about the nature of the relevant kind of evaluations. Their answer to the latter question typically claims some interesting disanalogy between those kinds of evaluations and descriptions of the world. It does so in hope of providing traction against naturalism-inspired ontological and epistemological worries threatening more ‘realist’ positions. This is a familiar position regarding ethical discourse; however, some authors (e.g. Field 1996, 1998, 2009; Heller 1999; Gibbard 2003; Blackburn 1996; Chrisman 2007) have recently defended a similar view regarding epistemic discourse. Others (especially Kvanvig 2003; Cuneo 2007; Lynch 2009) have argued that epistemic expressivism faces special problems, not necessarily attaching to expressivism about other areas. Their arguments differ in interesting ways, but the common strategy is an attempt to show that the very sort of meta-epistemological theorizing needed to articulate and establish epistemic expressivism involves the epistemic expressivist in some sort of internal incoherence or self-defeat. That is, they think that articulating or defending the position requires implicit commitment to the negation of one of the positions’ core tenets. This paper responds to those arguments on behalf of epistemic expressivism, suggesting that they each misunderstand what is crucial to epistemic expressivism. By responding to these arguments, we hope to achieve more clarity about what epistemic expressivism is and why one might want to endorse it in a meta-epistemology.
KeywordsEpistemic expressivism Meta-epistemology Epistemic irrealism
For helpful feedback on this paper, we would like to thank Terrence Cuneo, Klemens Kappel, Christos Kyriacou, Michael Lynch, and Michael Ridge.
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