Philosophical Studies

, Volume 130, Issue 1, pp 47–70 | Cite as

Reasons for Belief, Reasoning, Virtues

Article

ABSTRACT

The paper offers an explanation of what reasons for belief are, following Paul Grice in focusing on the roles of reasons in the goal-directed activity of reasoning. Reasons are particularly salient considerations that we use as indicators of the truth of beliefs and candidates for belief. Reasons are distinguished from enabling conditions by being things that we should be able to attend to in the course of our reasoning, and in assessing how well our beliefs are supported. The final section argues that epistemic virtues have a role in enabling us to identify reasons and explores this by reference to the example of being observant.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Austin, J.L. 1961Philosophical PapersOxford University PressOxfordGoogle Scholar
  2. Brewer, B. 1999Perception and ReasonClarendon PressOxfordGoogle Scholar
  3. Dancy, J. 2004Ethics without PrinciplesClarendon PressOxfordGoogle Scholar
  4. Grice, P. 2001Aspects of ReasonClarendon PressOxfordGoogle Scholar
  5. Hookway, C. 1990ScepticismRoutledgeLondonGoogle Scholar
  6. Hookway, C. 2003

    How to be a Virtue Epistemologist

    DePaul, M.Zagzebski, L. eds. Intellectual VirtueClarendon PressOxford
    Google Scholar
  7. Millar, A. 1991Reasons and ExperienceClarendon PressOxfordGoogle Scholar
  8. Moser, P. 1989Knowledge and EvidenceCambridge University PressCambridge, UKGoogle Scholar
  9. Quine, W.V. 1960Word and ObjectMIT PressCambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  10. Sosa, E. 1991Knowledge in PerspectiveMIT PressCambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  11. Sosa, E., BonJour, L. 2003Epistemic Justification: Internalism vs. ExternalismBlackwellOxfordGoogle Scholar
  12. Zagzebski, L. 1996Virtues of the MindCambridge University PressCambridge, UKGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK

Personalised recommendations