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The impact of pharmaceutical care on the efficacy and safety of transdermal glucosamine sulfate and capsaicin for joint pain

Abstract

Background Arthritis is a common chronic joint disease. It progressively causes joint pain, stiffness, and disability. Glucosamine sulfate has been shown to be an effective symptom-relieving biological agent. Pharmaceutical care, including patient counseling, is very important to overcome inconsistencies in compliance and adherence. Objective The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of pharmaceutical care on the efficacy and safety of transdermal glucosamine sulfate and capsaicin (TGC-Plus cream) in the management of chronic joint pain. Settings A rheumatology outpatient clinic, Jordan University Hospital, Amman, Jordan. Methods A cross sectional study with a single treatment group was conducted. One hundred (100) patients diagnosed with either osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis or chronic joint pains were recruited. Patients started on TGC-Plus cream applied twice daily for duration of 12 weeks. Patients received pharmaceutical care services during the study duration. Main outcome measure Efficacy and safety of TGC-Plus cream in pain relief and joint function improvement (alleviating joint stiffness) the need of alternative analgesics and number of doctor’s visits. Results There was a significant reduction of numerical pain score (7 ± 1.40 vs. 3.53 ± 2.13, p < 0.05), with significant reduction in the limitation of joint movement (6.18 ± 2.14 vs. 3.47 ± 2.23, p < 0.05) after 12 weeks. In addition, the need for analgesics and the number of doctor’s visits were significantly reduced (1.99 ± 2.77 vs. 0.71 ± 1.90, p < 0.05), (1.11 ± 1.28 vs. 0.06 ± 0.293, p < 0.05) respectively. Conclusion Pharmacist supervised treatment with the TGC-Plus cream significantly reduces pain and enhances locomotor function in patients with chronic pain who failed to achieve adequate prior pain relief.

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No external funding was needed to conduct and complete the study.

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Correspondence to Ala Y. Issa.

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Issa, A.Y., ALSalamat, H.A., Awad, W.B. et al. The impact of pharmaceutical care on the efficacy and safety of transdermal glucosamine sulfate and capsaicin for joint pain. Int J Clin Pharm 43, 101–106 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-020-01113-1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-020-01113-1

Keywords

  • Glucosamine sulfate
  • Pharmaceutical care
  • Transdermal TGC plus