International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

, Volume 40, Issue 4, pp 764–768 | Cite as

Pharmacovigilance in developing countries (part II): a path forward

  • Shaimaa ElshafieEmail author
  • Anne Marie Roberti
  • Iman Zaghloul


In recent years, attention to pharmacovigilance has gained momentum in developing countries, however awareness of, and policies or systems for pharmacovigilance in most developing countries still lags sharply behind developed countries. This article proposes different strategies to encourage the introduction and sustain the advancement of robust pharmacovigilance systems in developing countries. To this end, this article seeks to accomplish the ultimate goal of pharmacovigilance in a developing country context; ensuring patient safety and promoting safe and rational use of drugs.


Developing countries Drug safety Regulatory actions Monitoring Global initiatives Pharmacovigilance Reporting 



The author would like to thank Professor Maggie Huff-Rousselle for her contributions. Also, very special thanks go to Mahmoud Ahmed, Johannah Segarich, and all professors, staff, and colleagues at Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences University.



Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Organization for Drug Control and ResearchCairoEgypt
  2. 2.Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences UniversityBostonUSA
  3. 3.Independent scholarWellesleyUSA

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