Frail older people with multi-morbidities in primary care: a new integrated care clinical pharmacy service


Background Older people confined to their own homes due to frailty, multiple longterm conditions and/or complex needs, are known to be at risk of medicines-related problems. Whilst a health and social care team approach to supporting these patients is advocated, there is limited evidence regarding how pharmacists can best contribute. Objective To describe a new specialist pharmacy service (called the integrated care clinical pharmacist) in terms of how it works, what it achieves and its policy implications. Setting Patients’ own homes in Lambeth, London, UK. Method Community matrons identified patients who were experiencing medicines related problems. These were referred to the integrated care clinical pharmacist who undertook a full medication review and recorded activities, which were independently analysed anonymously. Main outcome measure Medicines-related problems and the associated interventions. Result 143 patients were referred to the service over a 15-month period. A total of 376 medicines-related problems were identified: 28 (7%) supply issues, 107 (29%) compliance issues, 241 (64%) clinical issues. A diverse range of interventions were instigated by the pharmacist, requiring the coordination of community pharmacists, primary and secondary health and social care professionals. Conclusion This project demonstrated that including an integrated care clinical pharmacy service as part of the health and social care team that visits frail, older people in their own homes has benefits. The service operated as part of a wider inter-professional community team. The service also supported current health policy priorities in medicines optimization by identifying and addressing a wide range of medicines related problems for this vulnerable patient group.

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We would like to thank the community matrons who referred patients to this new service and the patients who participated. Guy’s and St. Thomas’ Charity provided 2-year funding for the new service delivery approach, its evaluation and to explore the wider role of community pharmacy (Award Number: GT10040). The funding body did not contribute to the design of the evaluation and data collection, analysis or interpretation of data and did not contribute to the writing of the manuscript.



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Correspondence to Sally-Anne Francis.

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LO, CL and SQ were involved in service design, delivery and data capture. Whilst listed as authors, they were not involved in the plan and execution of the evaluation or preparation of the final report, from which this manuscript was prepared. This was undertaken independently by SAF and FS.

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Oboh, L., Leon, C., Qadir, S. et al. Frail older people with multi-morbidities in primary care: a new integrated care clinical pharmacy service. Int J Clin Pharm 40, 41–47 (2018).

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  • Frailty
  • Integrated care
  • Medicines
  • Multi-morbidities
  • Older people
  • Optimization
  • Pharmacy
  • United Kingdom