Initiation of social pharmacy research in Nepal: our experiences
- 209 Downloads
Nepal experiences several medicine-use problems like any other developing country. In the recent years, there have been initiatives to introduce the concept of social pharmacy in Nepal, and there has been only a limited research in this area. The staff members at the Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara have shown keen interest in initiating several social pharmacy-related researches in the country. The members of this institute have been collaborating with two international universities, namely Universiti Sains Malaysia located in Malaysia and Chulalongkorn University located in Thailand, to get academic and technical supports. In this manuscript, the authors share their experiences in initiating social pharmacy research in the country. Authors have also mentioned the priority areas of social pharmacy research in Nepal and the importance of initiating this concept in the country.
KeywordsDrug-use problems Drug utilization Nepal Social pharmacy
Authors acknowledge Mr. Saval Khanal from the Discipline of Social and Administrative Pharmacy at School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, for reviewing the initial version of the manuscript and suggesting modifications.
Conflicts of interest
- 1.Nepal health briefing paper: a paper produced by IHSD, a resource centre for the department for international development. Available at www.dfidhealthrc.org/publications/Country_health/Nepal.pdf. Accessed 3 Mar 2010.
- 2.WHO Regional Health Situation, Nepal. Trends in health status 2006. Available at http://www.searo.who.int/EN/Section313/Section1523_6868.htm. Accessed 6 Mar 2010.
- 3.WHO report on Diarrhoea outbreak in Nepal. Available at http://www.searo.who.int/en/Section1257/Section2263_15017.htm. Accessed 6 Mar 2010.
- 4.WHO. Antibiotic resistance: synthesis of recommendations by expert policy groups. Geneva: WHO; 2001.Google Scholar
- 5.Rehana HS, Nagarani MA, Rehan M. A study on the drug prescribing pattern and use of antimicrobial agents at a tertiary care teaching hospital in eastern Nepal. Ind J Pharmacol. 1998;30:175–80.Google Scholar
- 6.Shankar PR, Dubey AK, Rana MS, Mishra P, Subish P, Bhaskar VP. Drug utilization with special reference to antimicrobials in a sub-health post in Western Nepal. J Nepal Heal Res Counc. 2005;3(2):65–9.Google Scholar
- 7.Thapa BB. Ethics in promotion of medicine (editorial). Drug Bull Nepal. 2007;18(2):3–4.Google Scholar
- 8.Humagain B, Bista B, Maharjan N, Acharya R, Santosh KC, Rajouria S, Sharma SR. Variation of prices in medicine: a market survey. Bull Nepal Pharm Assoc. 2003;14:7–10.Google Scholar
- 10.Poudel A, Palaian S, Shankar PR, Jayasekera J, Izham MIM. Irrational fixed dose combinations in Nepal: need for intervention. Kathmandu Univ Med J. 2008;6(3):399–405.Google Scholar
- 11.Shrestha R, Shakya S, Bista D, Shrestha RK, Khan GM, Joshi S, Rao BS. Case studies of hospitalized patients due to drug related complications. Kath Univ J Sci Technol 2006;2(1).Google Scholar
- 12.Mitra SK, Kannan R. A note on unintentional adulterations in ayurvedic herbs. Ethnobot Leafl. 2007; 11: 11–15. Available at http://www.ethnoleaflets.com/leaflets/kannan.htm. Accessed 21 Feb 2010.
- 13.Thapa HS, Shrestha RK, Shankar PR. Hospital pharmacies in Nepal should be managed by the hospital under the supervision of the medicine and therapeutics committee. J Med Use Dev Ctries. 2009;1(2):52–9.Google Scholar
- 14.Wertheimer AI, Claesson C, Linden H. The development of the discipline of social pharmacy. J Soc Adm Pharm. 1983;1(3):113–6.Google Scholar
- 15.Statistical year book of Nepal. Government of Nepal, National Planning Commission Secretariat. Kathmandu: Central Bureau of Statics Thapathali; 2007.Google Scholar
- 16.Shankar PR. Drugs abuse and misuse- a Nepalese perspective. BMJ rapid response March 2007. Available at http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/extract/334/7591/480. Accessed 21 Feb 2010.
- 17.Palaian S, Izham M, Mishra P. Monitoring adverse drug reactions using the community pharmacists: a preliminary study from Nepal. Drug Saf. 2008;31(10):885–960.Google Scholar
- 18.UNICEF Nepal statistics. Available at http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/nepal_nepal_statistics.html. Accessed 21 Oct 2010.