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Recent Advances in the Biological Significance of Xanthine and its Derivatives: A Review

Xanthine is the most ubiquitous heterocyclic aromatic compound and have attracted much synthetic interest due to their numerous pharmacological activities. It is one of the principal moiety for leads in the field of drug discovery and development and plays a fundamental role in the area of medicinal chemistry. In this review paper, we tried to compile recent developments in xanthine and its derivatives, recently developed as anti-alzheimer’s and anti-parkinsonism, anti-cancer, anti-asthmatic, anti-diabetic, anti-depressant and anxiolytic, analgesic and anti-inflammatory, diuretic, anti-epileptic, anti-tuberculosis, anti-microbial, sirtuin inhibitors and ligands of adenosine receptor subtypes.

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Correspondence to Sumitra Nain.

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Kapri, A., Pant, S., Gupta, N. et al. Recent Advances in the Biological Significance of Xanthine and its Derivatives: A Review. Pharm Chem J 56, 461–474 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11094-022-02661-8

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11094-022-02661-8

Keywords

  • xanthine
  • heterocyclic compound
  • organic chemistry
  • drug discovery
  • medicinal chemistry
  • developments