This study examines the prevalence of endorsing the twelve step approach and the use of prayer, meditation, and holistic techniques in a national sample of 139 substance abuse treatment centers. Ninety one percent of the programs endorsed a twelve step orientation. Twenty six percent of the programs actively used prayer and 58% used meditation as a component of treatment. Thirty three percent of the programs used some form of a self-designated holistic technique. There was a divergent range of techniques that were used by programs, falling into four broad categories: (1) nutrition, exercise, relaxation and physical health; (2) recreation and adventure-based activities; (3) religious and spiritual practices; and (4) the use of specific therapy modalities.
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Priester, P.E., Scherer, J., Steinfeldt, J.A. et al. The Frequency of Prayer, Meditation and Holistic Interventions in Addictions Treatment: A National Survey. Pastoral Psychol 58, 315 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11089-009-0196-8
- Holistic techniques
- Twelve step program