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Effect of Water Vapor on Lifetime of 625 and 120 Foils During Oxidation Between 650 and 800 °C


The oxidation behavior of alloy 625 and 120 foils was studied at 650, 700 and 800 \(^\circ\)C in dry air and flowing air + 10% H\(_2\)O up to 10,000 h (alloy 625) or 30,000 h (alloy 120). The effect of water vapor on Cr loss was investigated. Manganese and iron in the 120 foil induced faster Cr depletion in the foil and breakdown of the Cr\(_2\)O\(_3\) scale into Fe and Cr-rich oxide compared to the alloy 625 foil. In the latter case, the presence of Nb led to the formation of Nb and Cr-rich oxide after breakdown of the Cr\(_2\)O\(_3\) scale. Simultaneous Cr loss due to oxidation and volatilization of the Cr\(_2\)O\(_3\) oxide scale was predicted and compared to experimental Cr loss measurements for exposures up to 30,000 h.

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The author would like to thank G. W. Garner, M. S. Stephens, T. Lowe, V. Cox at ORNL for their assistance with the experimental work and P. F. Tortorelli and M. Brady for their valuable comments on the manuscript. This research was sponsored by the U. S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Combined Heat and Power Program.

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Correspondence to M. Romedenne.

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Romedenne, M., Pillai, R., Dryepondt, S. et al. Effect of Water Vapor on Lifetime of 625 and 120 Foils During Oxidation Between 650 and 800 °C. Oxid Met 96, 589–612 (2021).

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  • Foil oxidation
  • Lifetime
  • Modeling
  • Water vapor
  • Microturbine