The corrosion behavior of seven commercial alloys (602CA, 310SS, 253MA, 800H, F321, F316L, 304SS) was investigated in a wet CO2 gas under cyclic reactions up to 150 cycles at 650°C. Water vapor accelerated the oxidation of all alloys. Alloy 602CA was alumina-forming in dry CO2 but changed to chromia-forming in the wet gas. In wet gas, the 310SS and 253MA underwent breakaway oxidation which was enhanced by the cyclic reaction. Spallation and buckling of the outer iron oxide scale were considerable for the less-protective alloys, 800H, F321, F316L and 304SS, with the formation of reddish iron oxide whiskers on the scale surface. The carburisation of F321, F316L and 304SS was identified and found to be reduced significantly by the presence of water vapor. The effect of water vapor on oxidation, carburisation, oxide buckling and whisker formation is discussed in comparison with that in dry gas.
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The authors would like to thank Australian Research Council for financial support of this project under the Discovery project scheme.
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Xi, X., Zhang, J. & Young, D.J. Corrosion Behavior of Cr-Containing Alloys under Cyclic Reaction in Wet CO2 Gas at 650°C. Oxid Met 96, 105–116 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11085-021-10054-7
- Austenitic alloys
- Cyclic reaction
- Wet CO2
- High-temperature corrosion