Exposure of Ni–Cr alloys containing 5–30 wt% Cr to Ar-20O2 and Ar-20O2-20H2O at 650 °C produced an external NiO layer, internal chromium oxidation and an intermediate zone of NiO + Cr2O3. The NiO layer growth rate decreased with increasing alloy Cr content. Addition of water vapor to dry O2 changed the NiO grain structure from equiaxed-shaped to columnar-shaped. In pure water vapor, a thin external NiO layer was formed above a layer of unoxidized metallic Ni, with an IOZ beneath. Water vapor effects on NiO formation are discussed in terms of different mechanisms whereby the volume increase in the IOZ is accommodated.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
J. P. Shingledecker and G. M. Pharr, Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance. 22, (2), 2013 (454–462).
S. J. Patel, J. J. deBarbadillo, B. A. Baker, and R. D. Gollihue, Procedia Engineering. 55, 2013 (246–252).
F. Abe, Engineering. 1, (2), 2015 (211–224).
G. M. Ecer and G. H. Meier, Oxidation of Metals. 13, (2), 1979 (119–158).
K. P. R. Reddy, J. L. Smialek, and A. R. Cooper, Oxidation of Metals. 17, (5), 1982 (429–449).
J. Zurek, D. J. Young, E. Essuman, M. Hänsel, H. J. Penkalla, L. Niewolak, and W. J. Quadakkers, Materials Science and Engineering. A. 477, (1), 2008 (259–270).
N. Mu, K. Y. Jung, N. M. Yanar, G. H. Meier, F. S. Pettit, and G. R. Holcomb, Oxidation of Metals. 78, (3–4), 2012 (221–237).
E. Essuman, G. H. Meier, J. Zurek, M. Haensel, T. Norby, L. Singheiser, and W. J. Quadakkers, Corrosion Science. 50, (6), 2008 (1753–1760).
P. Berthod, L. Aranda, S. Mathieu, and M. Vilasi, Oxidation of Metals. 79, (5–6), 2013 (517–527).
D. Simon, B. Gorr, and H. J. Christ, Oxidation of Metals. 87, (3–4), 2017 (417–429).
A. Holt and P. Kofstad, Solid State Ionics. 69, 1994 (137–143).
K. Arnold, G. Tatlock, C. Kenel, A. Colella, and P. Matteazzi, Materials at. High Temperature. 5, 2017 (1–10).
L. Latu-Romain, Y. Parsa, S. Mathieu, M. Vilasi, A. Galerie, and Y. Wouters, Corrosion Science 126, 2017 (238–246).
P. Guo, J. Zhang, D. J. Young, and C. H. Konrad, Oxidation of Metals. 83, (3–4), 2015 (223–235).
A. Prillieux, D. Jullian, J. Zhang, D. Monceau, and D. J. Young, Oxidation of Metals. 87, (3–4), 2017 (273–283).
C. K. Kim and L. W. Hobbs, Oxidation of Metals. 47, (1–2), 1997 (69–89).
S. Chevalier, F. Desserrey, and J. Larpin, Oxidation of Metals. 64, (3–4), 2005 (219–234).
C. Jiang, Y. Xie, C. Kong, J. Zhang, and D. J. Young, Corrosion Science. 174, 2020 (108801).
A. Galerie, Y. Wouters, and M. Caillet, Materials Science Forum. 369–372, 2001 (231–238).
C. Anghel, E. Hornlund, G. Hultquist, and M. Limback, Applied Surface Science. 233, (1–4), 2004 (392–401).
J. P. Abellan, T. Olszewski, G. H. Meier, L. Singheiser, and W. J. Quadakkers, International Journal of Materials Research. 101, (2), 2010 (287–299).
T. J. Collins, Biotechniques. 43, 2007 (25–30).
S. R. J. Saunders, M. Monteiro, and F. Rizzo, Progress in Materials Science. 53, (5), 2008 (775–837).
J.-H. Ahn, B.-J. Kim, J.-G. Kim, H.-J. Kim, G.-W. Hong, H.-G. Lee, J.-M. Yoo, and H. Pradeep, Physica C. 445–448, 2006 (620–624).
M. Auchi, S. Hayashi, K. Toyota, and S. Ukai, Oxidation of Metals. 78, (1–2), 2012 (51–61).
S. Hayashi, S. Narita, and T. Narita, Oxidation of Metals. 74, (1–2), 2010 (33–47).
The authors would like to thank the Australian Research Council for financial support under its Discovery Project Scheme. The first author is greatly thankful for scholarship support from the China Scholarship Council (CSC).
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Jiang, C., Zhang, J. & Young, D.J. The Effect of Water Vapor on NiO Formation by Ni–Cr Alloys at 650 °C (HTCPM Focus Issue, FNS-111). Oxid Met 96, 57–68 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11085-021-10047-6
- Ni–Cr alloy
- Water vapor
- Growth kinetics