This paper reports on corrosion behavior of different materials under combustion of a nitrogen-based fuel: aqueous solution of ammonium nitrate and urea (UAN). Tested materials include stainless steels 316, 310 and nickel alloys: 600, 601, 617, 800H and RA333. The results were derived under conditions close to those in practical continuous combustion applications. The coupons were positioned in quartz cylinders at temperature 520 ± 10 °C and pressure 10 MPa in the effluent gases. The corrosion of the 316 SS fuel injection tube was tested as a function of the stages that occurred along the tube, namely: heating, ignition, and combustion. Microstructure, chemical composition, depth profile and thickness of the formed oxide scales were studied. High corrosion resistance was found for 310 SS, nickel alloys 601 and RA 333. The heaviest corrosion attack of 316 inlet tube (both general and intergranular) was observed in the area where the exothermic combustion process began.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
A. Grinberg Dana, G. E. Shter and G. S. Grader, RSC Advances 4, 2014 (10051).
A. Grinberg Dana, G. E. Shter and G. S. Grader, RSC Advances 4, 2014 (34836).
A. Grinberg Dana, G. Tvil, L. Winter, G. E. Shter and G. S. Grader, Fuel 159, 2015 (500).
A. Grinberg Dana, B. Mosevitzky, G. Tvil, M. Epstein, G. E. Shter and G. S. Grader, Energy and Fuels 30, 2016 (2474).
A. Grinberg Dana, G. E. Shter and G. S. Grader, Energy Technology 3, 2015 (976).
A. Grinberg Dana, G. E. Shter and G. S. Grader, Energy Technology 4, 2016 (7).
O. Hollander and G. E. Geiger, Materials Performance 41, 2002 (50).
J. R. Cahoon, Corrosion 58, 2002 (166).
H. Uhlig and H. Mazille, Corrosion 28, 1972 (427).
I. Kap, M. Starostin, G. E. Shter and G. S. Grader, Materials and Corrosion 63, 2012 (571).
O. Elishav, G. E. Shter and G. S. Grader, Fuel 181, 2016 (765).
B. Mosevitzky, A. Grinberg Dana, G. E. Shter and G. S. Grader, Combustion and Flame 166, 2016 (295).
N. Mu, K. Jung, N. M. Yanar, F. S. Pettit, G. R. Holcomb, B. H. Howard and G. H. Meier, Oxidation of Metals 79, 2013 (461).
N. Hussain, K. A. Shahid, I. H. Khan and S. Rahman, Oxidation of Metals 41, 1993 (251).
F. Liu, J. E. Tang, A. Asteman, J. E. Svensson, L. G. Johansson and M. Halvarsson, Oxidation of Metals 71, 2009 (77).
H. Asteman, J. E. Svensson and L. G. Johansson, Corrosion Science 44, 2002 (2635).
Y. Nishiyama, N. Otsuka and T. Kudo, Corrosion Science 48, 2006 (2064).
P. Kritzer, N. Boukis and E. Dinjus, Corrosion 56, 2000 (1093).
A. Grinberg Dana, M. Starostin, G. E. Shter and G. S. Grader, Oxidation of Metals 82, 2014 (491).
T. M. Pollock and S. Tin, Journal of Propulsion and Power 22, 2006 (361).
V. Firouzdor, K. Sridharan, G. Cao, M. Anderson and T. R. Allen, Corrosion Science 69, 2013 (281).
Incoloy alloy 800 Special Metals Corporation, http://www.specialmetals.com
W. Ren and R. Swindeman, ASME 2010 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference: 6, Parts A and B Bellevue, Washington, USA, 821 (2010)
D. H. Xia and J. L. Luo, Transactions of Tianjin University 21, 2015 (234).
Inconel alloy 600 Special Metals Corporation, http://www.specialmetals.com.
P. M. Scott. in Ni 600, 9th International Symposium of Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems—Water Reactors, eds. F. P. Ford, S. M. Bruemmer and G. S. Was, (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS), Warrendale, 1999), p. 3.
D. Van Rooyen, Corrosion 31, 1975 (327).
Inconel alloy 601 Special Metals Corporation, http://www.specialmetals.com.
R. Pillai, H. Ackermann and K. Lucka, Corrosion Science 69, 2013 (181).
H. Ackermann, G. Teneva-Kosseva, H. Köhne, K. Lucka and S. Richter, Materials and Corrosion 59, 2008 (380).
C. Strubbe, V. Serban, G. Marginean and W. Brandl, http://konsys-t.tanger.cz/files/proceedings/04/reports/1172.pdf.
Inconel alloy 617 Special Metals Corporation, http://www.specialmetals.com.
J. Chapovaloff, F. Rouillard, K. Wolski and M. Pijolat, Corrosion Science 69, 2013 (31).
G. Stein-Brzozowska, D. M. Florez, J. Maier and G. Scheffknecht, Fuel 108, 2013 (521).
N. Otsuka and H. Fujikawa, Corrosion 5, 1991 (240).
M. Akbari-Garakani and M. Mehdizadeh, Materials and Design 32, 2011 (2695).
Z. Zeng, K. Natesan, Z. Cai and D. L. Rink, Fuel 117, 2014 (133).
R. A. Page, J. E. Hack and R. D. Brown, Metallurgical Transactions A 15A, 1984 (11).
M.G. Fontana, Corrosion Engineering, (3-d Edition, 3-18, 1986).
D. Mandrino, M. Godec, M. Torkar and M. Jenko, Surface and Interface Analysis 40, 2008 (285).
The authors acknowledge the generous support of Mr. Ed Satell, Philadelphia, PA, and the Nancy and Stephen Grand Technion Energy Program (GTEP), as well as the Committee for Planning and Budgeting of the Council for Higher Education under the framework of the KAMEA Program.
About this article
Cite this article
Starostin, M., Grinberg Dana, A., Dinner, O. et al. High-Temperature Corrosion of Stainless Steels and Ni Alloys During Combustion of Urea–Ammonium Nitrate (UAN) Fuel. Oxid Met 87, 39–56 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11085-016-9655-7