Oxidation of Metals

, Volume 87, Issue 1–2, pp 39–56 | Cite as

High-Temperature Corrosion of Stainless Steels and Ni Alloys During Combustion of Urea–Ammonium Nitrate (UAN) Fuel

  • M. Starostin
  • A. Grinberg Dana
  • O. Dinner
  • G. E. Shter
  • G. S. Grader
Original Paper
  • 192 Downloads

Abstract

This paper reports on corrosion behavior of different materials under combustion of a nitrogen-based fuel: aqueous solution of ammonium nitrate and urea (UAN). Tested materials include stainless steels 316, 310 and nickel alloys: 600, 601, 617, 800H and RA333. The results were derived under conditions close to those in practical continuous combustion applications. The coupons were positioned in quartz cylinders at temperature 520 ± 10 °C and pressure 10 MPa in the effluent gases. The corrosion of the 316 SS fuel injection tube was tested as a function of the stages that occurred along the tube, namely: heating, ignition, and combustion. Microstructure, chemical composition, depth profile and thickness of the formed oxide scales were studied. High corrosion resistance was found for 310 SS, nickel alloys 601 and RA 333. The heaviest corrosion attack of 316 inlet tube (both general and intergranular) was observed in the area where the exothermic combustion process began.

Keywords

Nitrogen-based fuel Corrosion Stainless steel Ni alloys 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge the generous support of Mr. Ed Satell, Philadelphia, PA, and the Nancy and Stephen Grand Technion Energy Program (GTEP), as well as the Committee for Planning and Budgeting of the Council for Higher Education under the framework of the KAMEA Program.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Starostin
    • 1
  • A. Grinberg Dana
    • 2
  • O. Dinner
    • 1
  • G. E. Shter
    • 1
  • G. S. Grader
    • 1
  1. 1.The Wolfson Department of Chemical EngineeringTechnion—Israel Institute of TechnologyHaifaIsrael
  2. 2.The Nancy and Stephen Grand Technion Energy ProgramTechnion—Israel Institute of TechnologyHaifaIsrael

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