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Dye-sensitized solar cells concocted with dyes extracted from fresh and dried leaves of Henna using different solvents

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Fresh and dried leaves of Lawsonia inermis (Henna) were used in extracting dyes with variety of solvents such as ethanol, acetone and distilled water. To our knowledge, acetone has been used for the first time as solvent to extract henna dye. These extracted dyes were used as sensitizers in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs). A sum of six DSSCs were fabricated. Spectroscopic studies (UV–Visible and FTIR) were recorded for all the six dyes extracted and for the photo-anodes prepared. J–V Characterization study was performed for all the cells and parameters such as Voc, Jsc, Vm, Jm, fill-factor and efficiency were calculated for the prepared cells. To our knowledge, the efficiency of DSSCs with sensitizer extracted from henna leaves with acetone and distilled water as solvent has been reported for the first time. It was seen that amongst all the cells prepared, the one with dye extracted from dried leaves using acetone as solvent showed higher efficiency of 0.351% with fill-factor of 0.3765.

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Data Availability

The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.


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Authors would like to acknowledge Dr.J.Chandrasekaran, Associate Professor and Head, Department of Physics, and Mr.P.Vivek, Research Scholar, Sri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore for their timely help and support.


This work was funded by DST Government of India (EMR/2016/007,874). Authors (Sowmya. S, Inbarajan. K, Pooja Prakash and Ruba. N) wish to acknowledge Karpagam Academy of Higher Education for providing KAHE Research Fellowship to carry out this research work.

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SS: Conceptualization; Investigation; Data curation; Formal analysis; Writing—original draft. NR: Investigation; Resources. KI: Formal analysis; Visualization; Writing- Review and editing. PP: Investigation; Data curation. BJ: Validation; Writing- Review & editing: Supervision.

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Correspondence to S. Sowmya.

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Sowmya, S., Ruba, N., Inbarajan, K. et al. Dye-sensitized solar cells concocted with dyes extracted from fresh and dried leaves of Henna using different solvents. Opt Quant Electron 53, 274 (2021).

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