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Expedient paramagnetic properties of surfactant-free plasmonic silicon-based nanoparticles


Surfactant-free multifunctional semiconductor-metallic nanostructures possessing several modalities are formed due to laser-induced structural modification of pure silicon nanoparticles in the presence of gold. It results to variable size-dependent chemical composition examined by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Laser-synthesized silicon-based nanocomposites exhibit remarkable both plasmonic and paramagnetic properties. Their plasmonic maxima are found to be easily adjusted in the whole visible spectral range. Influence of resonant laser irradiation on spin behaviour of silicon-gold nanoparticles is established. Their spin–lattice and spin–spin relaxation processes are investigated as well. Such multifunctional nanoparticles can reveal a huge potential for different applications in field of nanomedicine, in particular, for biosensing and bioimaging.

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Nanostructured silicon

Si NPs:

Silicon nanoparticles



Si@Au NPs:

Silicon-gold nanoparticles


High-resolution transmission electron microscopy


Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy


Continuous wave


Electron paramagnetic resonance

AuXSiY :

Gold silicide nanoformulation


Silicon dangling bond


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This research work was financially supported from the European Regional Development Fund and the state budget of the Czech Republic (Project BIATRI: CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/15_003/0000445), from the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (Programs NPU I-Project No. LO1602). Yu.V.R. also acknowledge a financial support from Freie Universität Berlin within the Excellence Initiative of the German Research Foundation (0503121810) as well as from a COST Project (ECOST-STSM-BM1205-120416-072252).

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YVR conceived and designed the research, YVR and JB performed experiments, analysed obtained data and wrote the manuscript. All authors have given approval to the final version of the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Yury V. Ryabchikov.

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This article is part of the Topical Collection on Fundamentals of Laser Assisted Micro- and Nanotechnologies.

Guest edited by Tigran Vartanyan, Vadim Veiko, Andrey Belikov and Eugene Avrutin.

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Ryabchikov, Y.V., Behrends, J. Expedient paramagnetic properties of surfactant-free plasmonic silicon-based nanoparticles. Opt Quant Electron 52, 177 (2020).

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  • Silicon nanoparticle
  • Silicon-gold nanoparticle
  • Nanocomposite
  • EPR
  • Laser ablation
  • Plasmonic property