Skip to main content
Log in

Reconfigurable all optical half adder and optical XOR and AND logic gates based on 2D photonic crystals

  • Published:
Optical and Quantum Electronics Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

The use of optical devices for high-speed data transmission has been considered for some time. Structures which can be used in optical integrated circuits are very important. Photonic crystals have been used as basic structures in the design of optical devices and especially logic devices. Considering the ability of these structures to design logic gates and circuits, it is expected to use them as base structures in the design of optical integrated circuits. In this research, an optical half-adder using two-dimensional photonic crystals was designed and simulated. One of the features of this circuit is the higher power difference in the high and low logic modes, which reduces errors in detecting these two values in the output. The circuit also has the ability to use the optical gates XOR and AND. In addition, it has a small structure that makes it suitable for use in optical integrated circuits.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Alipour-Banaei, H., Seif-Dargahi, H.: Photonic crystal based 1-bit full-adder optical circuit by using ring resonators in a nonlinear structure. Photonics Nanostructures-Fundam. Appl. 24, 29–34 (2017)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  • Alipour-Banaei, H., Serajmohammadi, S., Mehdizadeh, F.: All optical NOR and NAND gate based on nonlinear photonic crystalring resonators. Optik 125, 5701–5704 (2014)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  • Fan, S., Yanik, M.F., Wang, Z., Sandhu, S., Povinelli, M.L.: Advances in theory of photonic crystals. J. Lightwave Technol. 24(12), 4493–4501 (2006)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  • Jiang, Y.C., Liu, S.B., Zhang, H.F., Kong, X.K.: Realization of all optical half-adder based on self-collimated beams by two-dimensional photonic crystals. Opt. Commun. 348, 90–94 (2015a)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  • Jiang, Y.C., Liu, S.B., Zhang, H.F., Kong, X.K.: Design of ultra-compact all optical half subtracter based on self-collimation in the two-dimensional photonic crystals. Opt. Commun. 356, 325–329 (2015b)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  • Joannopoulos, J.D., Johnson, S.G., Winn, J.N., Meade, R.D.: Photonic Crystals Molding the Flow of Light. Princeton University Press, New Jersey (2007). ISBN 978-0-691-12456-8

    MATH  Google Scholar 

  • Johnson, S.G., Villeneuve, P.R., Fan, S., Joannopoulos, J.D.: Linear waveguides in photonic-crystal slabs. Phys. Rev. B 62(12), 8212–8222 (2000)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  • Kalantari, M., Karimkhani, A., Saghaei, H.: Ultra-wide mid-IR supercontinuum generation in As2S3 photonic crystal fiber by rods filling technique. Optik 158, 142–151 (2018)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  • Karkhanehchi, M.M., Parandin, F., Zahedi, A.: Design of an all optical half-adder based on 2D photonic crystals. Photonics Netw. Commun. 33, 159–165 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Koshiba, M.: Wavelength division multiplexing and demultiplexing with photonic crystal waveguide coupler. J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1970–1975 (2001)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  • Li, W.: A three-channels WDM based on MMI in photonic crystal. Optik 125, 6576–6578 (2014)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  • Liu, W., Yang, D., Shen, G., Tian, H., Ji, Y.: Design of ultra compact all-optical XOR, XNOR, NAND and OR gates using photonic crystal multi-mode interference waveguides. Opt. Laser Technol. 50, 55–64 (2013)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  • Parandin, F., Karkhanehchi, M.M.: Terahertz all-optical NOR and AND logic gates based on 2D photonic crystals. Superlattices Microstruct. 101, 253–260 (2017)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  • Parandin, F., Malmir, M.R., Naseri, M.: All-optical half-subtractor with low-time delay based on two-dimensional photonic crystals. Superlattices Microstruct. 109, 437–441 (2017)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  • Parandin, F., Karkhanehchi, M.M., Naseri, M., Zahedi, A.: Design of a high bitrate optical decoder based on photonic crystals. J. Comput. Electron. 17(2), 830–836 (2018)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Saghaei, H., Zahedi, A., Karimzadeh, R., Parandin, F.: Line defects on photonic crystals for the design of all-optical power splitters and digital logic gates. Superlattices Microstruct. 110, 133–138 (2017)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  • Sharifi, H., Hamidi, S.M., Navi, K.: A new design procedure for all-optical photonic crystal logic gates and functions based on threshold logic. Opt. Commun. 370, 231–238 (2016)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  • Tame, T.A., Isfahani, B.M., Granpayeh, N., Javan, A.M.: Improving the performance of all optical switching based on nonlinear photonic crystal micro ring resonator Int. J. Electron. Commun. (AEU) 65, 281–287 (2011)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Yang, D., Tian, H., Ji, Y.: Nanoscale low crosstalk photonic crystal integrated sensor array. IEEE Photonics J. 6(1), 1–7 (2014)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zheng, G., Xu, B., Xu, L., Wu, Y., Lai, M.: Design of photonic crystal Sagnac interferometer using self-collimation effect. Optik 126, 379–381 (2015)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgement

The authors would like to thank the Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University for the financial support of this research project.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Fariborz Parandin.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Parandin, F., Reza Malmir, M. Reconfigurable all optical half adder and optical XOR and AND logic gates based on 2D photonic crystals. Opt Quant Electron 52, 56 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11082-019-2167-3

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11082-019-2167-3

Keywords

Navigation