Energy efficient photonic millimeter-wave generation using cascaded polarization modulators

  • Gazi Mahamud HasanEmail author
  • Mehedi Hasan
  • Hongpeng Shang
  • DeGui Sun
  • Karin Hinzer
  • Peng Liu
  • Trevor Hall
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Numerical Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices 2018


A filter-less millimeter-wave generation scheme consisting of four polarization modulators in series, each followed by a polarizer is proposed to achieve optoelectronic frequency octupling. The cascade of polarization modulator and polarizer provides an intensity modulator whose biasing condition can be set by the polarizer angle and polarization state of the input light to each polarization modulator. A theoretical analysis of the architecture is performed using a transfer function method and validated by industry-standard software simulation tools. The circuit shows high potential in achieving desired performance with lower input RF power when compared to the another configuration based on a generalized Mach–Zehnder interferometer structure. Although the operating range in terms of applied RF drive becomes narrow, low RF input operation can be achieved by this circuit. The effect of imbalances in the key circuit parameters is also investigated in terms of electrical side harmonic suppression ratio.


Optical millimeter-wave generation Frequency octupling Polarization modulator Polarizer 



Mehedi Hasan acknowledges the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) for their support through the Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship program. Karin Hinzer is grateful to D & T Photonics and MITACS for their support through the MITACS accelerate award number IT07662. Trevor Hall is grateful to the University of Ottawa for their support of his University Research Chair.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Photonic Technology Laboratory, Centre for Research in PhotonicsUniversity of OttawaOttawaCanada
  2. 2.School of Opto-electronic EngineeringChangchun University of Science and TechnologyChangchunChina

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