Dye-sensitized solar cells with sequentially deposited anthocyanin and chlorophyll dye as sensitizers
- 427 Downloads
Anthocyanin (An) and chlorophyll (Chl) dyes have been extracted from black rice and fragrant screwpine (Pandanus amaryllifolius) leaves respectively using methanol as solvent. The anthocyanin and chlorophyll dyes were characterized using UV–Vis absorption spectroscopy. While the anthocyanin dye has a broader absorption peak at 541 nm, the chlorophyll dye has two prominent absorption peaks at 465 and 663 nm. The anthocyanin and chlorophyll dyes were deposited sequentially on the TiO2 electrode. The photoelectrode prepared by dipping in anthocyanin solution first and then in chlorophyll solution for the same duration showed the best efficiency of 0.81 % with J sc = 2.64 mA cm−2, V oc = 0.46 V and FF = 0.63 for DSSC.
KeywordsAnthocyanin Chlorophyll DSSCs Gel polymer electrolytes
We thank University of Malaya and Ministry of Higher Education for financial support (Grants Nos. PG112-2013A and ER001-2013A).
- Kartini, I., Dwitasari, L., Wahyuningsih, T.D., Chotimah, C., Wang, L.: The sensitization of xanthophylls–chlorophyllin mixtures on titania solar cells. Int. J. Sci. Eng. 8, 109–114 (2015)Google Scholar
- Kimpa, M.I., Momoh, M., Isah, K.U., Yahya, H.N., Ndamitso, M.M.: Photoelectric characterization of dye sensitized solar cells using natural dye from pawpaw leaf and flame tree flower as sensitizers. Mater. Sci. Appl. 3, 281–286 (2012)Google Scholar
- Melo, M.J.: History of natural dyes in the ancient mediterranean world. In: Bechtold, T., Mussak, R. (eds.) Handbook of Natural Colorants, pp. 3–20. Wiley, Chichester (2009)Google Scholar