Skip to main content

Performance analysis of graphene based surface plasmon resonance biosensors for detection of pseudomonas-like bacteria

Abstract

The present study investigates the angular responses, sensitivity, detection accuracy and quality parameter of surface plasmon resonance biosensor configuration which is coated with graphene layer for the detection of Pseudomonas and Pseudomonas-like bacteria. The proposed biosensor uses attenuated total reflection method to detect the change in refractive index near the sensor surface. By comparing these results with the conventional gold layer surface plasmon resonance biosensor, it is observed that the overall performance of the proposed biosensor is improved by introducing the graphene layer. Also, the dependence of sensitivity on the number of graphene layers for the proposed sensor is plotted and analyzed.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6

References

  • Akimov, Y.A., Koh, W.S., Sian, S.Y., Ren, S.: Nanoparticle-enhanced thin film solar cells: metallic or dielectric nanoparticles? Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 073111 (2010)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  • Bruna, M., Borini, S.: Optical constants of graphene layers in the visible range. Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(3), 031901 (2009)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  • Fletchert, M., Loeb, G.I.: Influence of substratum characteristics on the attachment of a marine pseudomonad to solid surfaces. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 37(1), 67–72 (1979)

    Google Scholar 

  • Gupta, B.D., Verma, R.K.: Surface plasmon resonance-based fiber optic sensors: principle, probe designs, and some applications. J. Sens. 2009, 1–12 (2009)

    Article  MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

  • Homola, J., Yee, S.S., Gauglitzand, G.: Surface Plasmon resonance sensors: review. Anal. Sens. Actuators B 54, 3–15 (1999)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Homola, J.: Present and future of surface Plasmon resonance biosensors. Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 377, 528–539 (2003)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hutter, E., Fendler, J.H.: Exploitation of localized surface plasmon resonance. Adv. Mater. 16(19), 1685–1706 (2004)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kim, J., Kasture, M., Hwang, T., Kulkarni, A., Amin, R., Park, S., Kim, T., Gosavi, S.: Graphene-based waveguides: novel method for detecting biological activity. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 167, 1069–1075 (2012)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kim, J.A., Hwang, T., Dugasani, S.R., Amin, R., Kulkarni, R., Park, S.H., Kim, T.: Graphene based fiber optic surface plasmon resonance for bio-chemical sensor applications. Sens. Actuators B 187, 426–433 (2013)

  • Kretschmann, E., Raether, H.: Radiative decay of non-radiative surface plasmons excited by light. Z. Naturforsch. 23A, 2135–2136 (1968)

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  • Kretschmann, E.: The determination of the optical constants of metals by excitation of surface plasmons. Z. Phys. 241, 313–324 (1971)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  • Kullab, H.M., Taya, S.A., El-Agez, T.M.: Metal-clad waveguide sensor using a left-handed material as a core layer. J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(5), 959–964 (2012)

  • Lavers, C.R., Itoh, K., Wu, S.C., Murabayashi, M., Mauchline, I., Stewart, G., Stout, T.: Planar optical waveguides for sensing applications. Sens. Actuators B 69, 85–95 (2000)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Noginov, M.A., Podolskiy, V.A. (eds.): Tutorials in Metamaterials. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL (2012)

  • Otto: Excitation of surface plasma waves in silver by the method of frustrated total reflection. Z. Physik 216, 398–410 (1968)

  • Palik, E.D. (eds.): Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids , vol. 1. Academic press, (1985)

  • Pockrand, I.: Surface plasma oscillations at silver surfaces with thin transparent and absorbing coatings. Surf. Sci. 72(3), 577–588 (1978)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  • Prajapati, Y.K., Yadav, A., Singh, V., Saini, J.P.: Effect of metamaterial layer on optical surface plasmon resonance Sensor. Int. J. Light Electron Opt. 124(18), 607–3610 (2013)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Reather, H.: Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on gratings, vol. 111. Springer, Berlin (1988)

    Google Scholar 

  • Roh, S., Chung, T., Lee, B.: Overview of the characteristics of micro- and nano-structured surface plasmon resonance sensor. Sensors 11, 1565–1588 (2011)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Shuwan, Z., Ken-Tye, Y., Indrajit, R., Xuan-Quyen, D., Xia, Y., Feng, L.: Areviewonfunctionalized gold nanoparticles for biosensing applications. Plasmonics 6, 491–506 (2011)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Szunerits, S, Maalouli, N., Wijaya, E, Vilcot, J.-P., Boukherroub, R.: Recent advances in the development of graphene-based surface plasmon resonance (SPR) interfaces. Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 405, 1435–1443 (2013)

  • Taya, S.A., Shabat, M.M.: Sensitivity enhancement in optical waveguide sensors using metamaterials. Appl. Phys. A 103, 611–614 (2011)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  • Verma, R., Gupta, B.D., Jha, R.: Sensitivity enhancement of a surface plasmon resonance based biomolecules sensor using graphene and silicon layers. Sens. Actuators B 160, 623–631 (2011)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wu, L., Chu, H.S., Koh, W.S., Li, E.P.: Highly sensitive graphene biosensors based on surface plasmon resonance. Opt. Express 18(14), 14395–14400 (2010)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  • Yamamoto, M.: Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) theory: tutorial. Rev. Polarogr. 48, 209 (2002)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zhao, J., Zhang, X., Yonzon, C.R., Haes, A.J., Van Duyne, R.P.: Localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors. Nanomedicine 1, 219–228 (2006). doi:10.2217/17435889.1.2.219

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Alka Verma.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Verma, A., Prakash, A. & Tripathi, R. Performance analysis of graphene based surface plasmon resonance biosensors for detection of pseudomonas-like bacteria. Opt Quant Electron 47, 1197–1205 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11082-014-9976-1

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11082-014-9976-1

Keywords

  • Surface plasmons
  • Reflectance
  • Sensitivity
  • Detection accuracy
  • Quality parameter