What drives the governance of ridesharing? A fuzzy-set QCA of local regulations in China

  • Yanwei Li
  • Liang MaEmail author
Research Article


Ridesharing or ride-hailing services have received substantial attention from scholars and practitioners around the world, and it has become an urgent issue for the government to find solutions to mitigate their negative externalities and to provide room for their development. Since the Chinese central government legalized ridesharing in 2016, cities across provinces have adopted dissimilar strategies in governing ridesharing. In this contribution, we use a fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis approach to explain the variations in regulatory strategies adopted by 25 Chinese capital cities to govern ridesharing. Our study has identified seven paths to explain both the stringent and loose regulation of municipalities on ridesharing. These findings enrich our understanding of the choices of government strategies in regulating ridesharing. We conclude that regulators should adopt a network governance approach to achieve a win–win outcome in governing ridesharing.


Governance Ridesharing Fuzzy set QCA China 



The authors are grateful to Weiwei Kou, Lu Zhou, Qiaochu Han, and Hao Zhang for excellent research assistance. The authors would like to thank the two anonymous reviewers and the editor for helpful comments and suggestions. Funding was provided by Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China (Grant No. 18JZD048) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 71774164 and 1633004).


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Public AdministrationNanjing Normal UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.School of Public Administration and PolicyRenmin University of ChinaBeijingChina

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