Stable amplitude chimera states and chimera death in repulsively coupled chaotic oscillators
Amplitude chimera states, representing a spontaneous symmetry breaking of a population of coupled identical oscillators into two distinct clusters with one oscillating in spatial coherent amplitude, while the other displaying oscillations in a spatially incoherent manner, have been observed as a kind of transient dynamics in the process of transition to the in-phase synchronization in coupled limit-cycle oscillators. Here, we obtain a kind of stable amplitude chimera state in the chaotic regime of a system of repulsively coupled Lorenz oscillators. With the increment of the coupling strength, the coupled oscillators transit from spatiotemporal chaos to amplitude chimera states then to coherent oscillation death or chimera death states. Moreover, the number of clusters in amplitude chimera patterns has a power-law dependence on the number of coupled neighbors. The amplitude chimera and the chimera death states coexist at certain coupling strength. Moreover, the amplitude chimera and the amplitude death patterns are related to the initial condition for given coupling strength. Our findings of amplitude chimera states and chimera death states in coupled chaotic system may enrich the knowledge of the symmetry-breaking-induced pattern formation.
KeywordsAmplitude chimera states Chimera death Coupled oscillators
This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (Grants Nos. 61377067, 11775034, 11765008), and Weiqing Liu is supported by the Qingjiang Program for Excellent Young Talents of Jiangxi University of Science and Technology.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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