Skip to main content

Investigation and analysis of the Xiangning landslide in Shanxi Province, China

Abstract

The Loess Plateau of China is the most concentrated and largest loess area on Earth. Shanxi Province lies in the eastern margin of the Loess Plateau and is one of the regions with the worst serious soil erosion and most fragile ecological environment in the world. On March 15, 2019, a landslide hit Xiangning County in Shanxi Province in northern China and resulted in heavy casualties. This paper mainly gives an introduction about the catastrophe, causes, and related emergency response.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6

References

  1. Beck JW, Zhou W, Li C et al (2018) A 550,000-year record of East Asian monsoon rainfall from 10Be in loess. Science 360(6391):877

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Derbyshire E, Meng X, Dijkstra TA (2000) Landslides in the thick loess terrain of northwest China. Wiley, Chichester, pp 1–256

    Google Scholar 

  3. Eltner A, Baumgart P, Maas HG et al (2015) Multi-temporal UAV data for automatic measurement of rill and interrill erosion on loess soil. Earth Surf Proc Land 40(6):741–755

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Gariano SL, Guzzetti F (2016) Landslides in a changing climate. Earth Sci Rev 162:227–252

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Liu XJ, Zhao CY, Zhang Q, Peng JB, Zhu W, Lu Z (2018) Multi-temporal loess landslide inventory mapping with C-, X- and L-band SAR datasets-a case study of Heifangtai loess landslides, China. Remote Sens 10(11):28

    Google Scholar 

  6. Pu XW, Wang LM, Wang P, Chai SF (2020) Study of shaking table test of seismic subsidence loess landslides induced by the coupling effect of earthquakes and rainfall. Nat Hazards. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-020-04019-3

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Qiu JL, Wang XL, Lai JX, Zhang Q, Wang JB (2018) Response characteristics and preventions for seismic subsidence of loess in Northwest China. Nat Hazards 92(3):1909–1935

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Qiu HJ, Cui YF, Pei YQ, Yang DD, Hu S, Wang XG, Ma SY (2020) Temporal patterns of nonseismically triggered landslides in Shaanxi Province, China. CATENA 187:11

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Xin Z, Yu X, Li Q et al (2011) Spatiotemporal variation in rainfall erosivity on the Chinese Loess Plateau during the period 1956–2008. Reg Environ Change 11(1):149–159

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Xu YR, Allen MB, Zhang WH, Li WQ, He HL (2020) Landslide characteristics in the Loess Plateau, northern China. Geomorphology 359:12

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Yates K, Fenton CH, Bell DH (2018) A review of the geotechnical characteristics of loess and loess-derived soils from Canterbury, South Island, New Zealand. Eng Geol 236:11–21

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Yu Y, Wei W, Chen L et al (2019) Quantifying the effects of precipitation, vegetation, and land preparation techniques on runoff and soil erosion in a Loess watershed of China. Sci Total Environ 652:755–764

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank financial supports by the Project funded by China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2017M611199); Qualified Personnel Foundation of Taiyuan University of Technology (No. tyut-rc201518a); Natural Science Foundation for Young Scientists of Shanxi Province (No. 201901D211007); Scientific and Technological Innovation Programs of Higher Education Institutions in Shanxi (No. 2019L0340). We also acknowledge the editor for the valuable suggestion.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to B. Zhao.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Zhao, B., Zhao, Y.Q. Investigation and analysis of the Xiangning landslide in Shanxi Province, China. Nat Hazards 103, 3837–3845 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-020-04109-2

Download citation

Keywords

  • Xiangning
  • Landslide
  • Casualties
  • Reflections