Natural Hazards

, Volume 92, Issue 1, pp 497–509 | Cite as

Back analysis of ground vibrations which cause cracks in buildings in residential areas Karakuyu (Dinar, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey)

Original Paper
  • 69 Downloads

Abstract

The Karakuyu village (Dinar) is located in the south-western Turkey. Karakuyu settlement area suffered from ground vibration. There are two reasons for ground vibration in that area. One of them is earthquake and other is rock blasting. Geological structure and tectonics have great influence on vibrations in the area. An earthquake of magnitude Ms = 6.1 occurred on 1 October 1995, causing causalities and damage to buildings in Dinar and its vicinity. The earthquake forces during the main shock were amplified by poor dynamic characteristics of alluvial soils, thus resulting in damage to buildings. Limestone quarries are other source of ground vibration because of blasting. In this study, the source of vibration causing cracks in buildings in the Karakuyu residential area was investigated. Blasting at limestone quarries and past earthquake activities are analysed of ground vibrations which cause cracks in buildings. In the scope of this study, the source of the vibrations which cause the observed cracks in buildings were investigated using back analysis. As a result of the study, earthquake-induced vibrations on structural behaviour of buildings were found critical.

Keywords

Back analysis Blasting Earthquake Limestone quarries 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The author wishes to thank the quarries owner, engineers and technicians for site works and providing the necessary data. The author thanked to two anonymous reviewers and the editor for their very helpful comments and suggestions which allowed improving significantly the manuscript.

References

  1. Adhikari GR, Theresraj AI, Venkatesh HS, Balachander R, Gupta RN (2004) Ground vibration due to blasting in limestone quarries. Fragblast 8(2):85–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ak H, Konuk A (2008) The effect of discontinuity frequency on ground vibrations produced from bench blasting: a case study. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 28(9):686–694CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ak H, Ihar M, Yavuz M, Konuk A (2009) Evaluation of ground vibration effect of blasting operations in a magnesite mine. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 29:669–676CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Aldas GG (2010) Explosive charge mass and peak particle velocity (PPV)-frequency relation in mining blast. J Geophys Eng 7:223–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bulut Y, Kirman E (2013) Afyonkarahisar-Dinar-Dombayova Linyit Sahasi, Maden Tetkik ve Arama Genel Müdürlüğü (MTA). Doğal Kaynaklar ve Ekonomi Bull 16:137–145. ISBN: 978-605-5310-62-2 (in Turkish) Google Scholar
  6. Carydis P, Lekkas E (1996) Type and distribution of damage in the Dinar (Turkey) Earthquake (October 1, 1995), XXV General Assembly Seismology in Europe, ESC, Reykjavik 1996, pp 485–490Google Scholar
  7. Devine JF (1966) Effect of charge weight on vibration levels from quarry blasting, U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Mines (US Bureau of Mines, Report of investigations 6774)Google Scholar
  8. Douglas EL (1989) An investigation of blasting criteria for structural and ground vibrations. Thesis, The Faculty of the College of Engineering and Technology, Ohio University, pp 1–92. https://etd.ohiolink.edu/rws_etd/document/get/ohiou1182441854/inline
  9. Durukal E, Erdik M, Avci J, Yuzugullu O, Alpay Y, Avar B, Zulfikar C, Biro T, Mert A (1998) Analysis of the strong motion data of the 1995 Dinar, Turkey earthquake. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 17:557–578CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Elseman IA (2000) Measurement and analysis of the effect of ground vibrations induced by blasting at the limestone quarries of the Egyptian cement company. ICEHM2000, Cairo University, Egypt, pp 54–71Google Scholar
  11. Forssblad L (1981) Vibratory soil and rock fill compaction. Dynapac Maskin AB, SolnaGoogle Scholar
  12. Hao H, Wu Y, Ma G, Zhou Y (2001) Characteristics of surface ground motions induced by blasts in jointed rock mass. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 21(2):85–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kahriman A (2004) Analysis of parameters of ground vibration produced from bench blasting at a limestone quarry. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 24:887–892CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Khaled M, Abdel Rahman K, Makarem A (2007a) Experimental techniques to reduce blasting vibration level, Tourah, Cairo, Egypt. In: Proceedings of the 33rd annual conference of explosives and blasting technique, vol 1. Nashville, TN, ISEE, p 221Google Scholar
  15. Khaled M, Abdel Rahman K, Bagy E (2007b) Safe blasting near the historical caves of, Tourah, Cairo, Egypt. In: Proceeding of the 4th EFEE world conference on explosives and blasting, Vienna, Austria, p 365Google Scholar
  16. Kumar R, Choudhury D, Bhargava K (2016) Determination of blast-induced ground vibration equations for rocks using mechanical and geological properties. J Rock Mech Geotech Eng 8:341–349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kuzu C (2008) The importance of site-specific characters in prediction models for blast induced ground vibrations. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 28(5):405–414CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kuzu C, Ergin H (2005) An assessment of environmental impacts of quarry blasting operation: a case study in Istanbul, Turkey. Environ Geol 48:211–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mindevalli O (1990) Seismic risk in Southern Turkey. The occurrence of large magnitude earthquakes of southern Turkey. International earth sciences congress on Aegean regions, Izmir-Turkey, vol II, pp 52–63Google Scholar
  20. Mohamed MT (2011) Performance of fuzzy logic and artificial neural network in prediction of ground and air vibrations. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 48:845–851CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. MTA (Maden Tetkik ve Arama Genel Müdürlüğü) (1973) Geological map of Turkey, scale 1:500000, Izmir sheet. Maden Tetkik ve Arama Enstitusu, AnkaraGoogle Scholar
  22. Muller B (1997) Adapting blasting technologies to the characteristics of rock masses in order to improve blasting results and reduce blasting vibrations. Fragblast 1:361–378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Nateghi R (2011) Prediction of ground vibration level induced by blasting at different rock units. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 4(6):899–908CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Nicholson RF (2005) Determination of blast vibrations using peak particle velocity at Bengal quarry. in St Ann, Jamaica. M.Sc. Thesis. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering. Division of Rock Engineering, Lulea University of Technology, pp 1–72. http://epubl.ltu.se/1402-1617/2005/297/LTU-EX-05297-SE.pdf
  25. Ozer U, Kahriman A, Aksoy M, Adiguzel D, Karadogan A (2008) The analysis of ground vibrations induced by bench blasting at Akyol quarry and practical blasting charts. Environ Geol 54(4):733–744CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Singh PK, Roy MP (2010) Damage to surface structures due to blast vibration. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 47(6):949–961CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Singh TN, Singh V (2005) An intelligent approach to prediction and control ground vibration in mines. Geotech Geol Eng 23:249–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Singh PK, Sirveiya AK, Babu KN, Roy MP, Singh CV (2006) Evolution of effective charge weight per delay for prediction of ground vibrations generated from blasting in a limestone mine. Int J Min Reclam Environ 20:4–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Siskind DE, Stagg MS, Kopp JW, Dowding CH (1980) Structure response produced by ground vibration from surface mine blasting, US Bureau of Mines Report RI 8507, Pittsburgh, PAGoogle Scholar
  30. Stojadinovic S, Zikic M, Pantovic R (2011) A new approach to blasting induced ground vibrations and damage to structures. Acta Montan Slovaca 16(4):344–354Google Scholar
  31. Tripathy G, Gupta ID (2002) Prediction of ground vibrations due to construction blasts in different types of rock. Rock Mech Rock Eng 35:195–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Westaway R (1990) Block rotation in Western Turkey. 1. Observational evidence. J Geophys Res 95(B12):19857–19884CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Wright TJ, Parsons BE, Jackson JA, Haynes M, Fielding EJ, England PC, Clarke PJ (1999) Source parameters of the 1 October 1995 Dinar (Turkey) earthquake from SAR interferometry and seismic bodywave modelling. Earth Plan Sci Lett 172:23–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Wu YK, Hao H, Zhou YX, Chong K (1998) Propagation characteristics of blast induced shock waves in a jointed rock mass. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 17(6):407–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Yilmazturk A, Kenar O (1986) Goller bolgesinin depremselligi (the seismic activity around the region of Burdur). Deprem Arast Bul 55:55–82 (in Turkish) Google Scholar
  36. Zanchi A, Kissel C, Tapirdamaz C (1990) Continental deformation in Western Turkey: a structural and paleomagnetic approach. International earth sciences congress on Aegean regions, Izmir-Turkey, vol II, pp 357–367Google Scholar
  37. Zhou J, Shi X, Li X (2015) Utilizing gradient boosted machine for the prediction of damage to residential structures owing to blasting vibrations of open pit mining. J Vib Control 1:1–12.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1077546314568172 Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Engineering Faculty, Geological Engineering DepartmentSüleyman Demirel UniversityIspartaTurkey

Personalised recommendations