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Natural Hazards

, Volume 84, Issue 2, pp 1419–1435 | Cite as

Flood-related leptospirosis outbreaks in Brazil: perspectives for a joint monitoring by health services and disaster monitoring centers

  • Luciana de Resende LondeEmail author
  • Rodrigo Silva da Conceição
  • Tiago Bernardes
  • Mariane Carvalho de Assis Dias
Original Paper

Abstract

Although leptospirosis—a bacterial disease transmitted through contact with rodents’ urine—may be a consequence of many environmental factors, its occurrence may increase in association with floods. We analyzed some Brazilian municipalities where the number of leptospirosis cases became higher after flood episodes and a city which presented a raising number of cases through last years, highlighting the necessity of synergistic monitoring activities from health services and natural disasters monitoring centers. In conclusion, we found that the increase in the number of cases is often preceded by floods. For monitoring issues, analyzing flood data is more effective than analyzing rain data. For warning purposes, several datasets usually applied to disasters’ prevention can be also explored, addressing public health. Through the analysis of rain, temperature, rivers’ levels, vulnerability to floods and flood potential—common data in disaster monitoring centers—it is possible to expand the scope of alerts and to provide support for public health management.

Keywords

Socioenvironmental disasters Public health Water-related diseases Brazil Floods 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the Civil Defense of Rio Branco, especially to George Luiz Pereira Santos and to Socorro Martins from Rio Branco’s Health Secretariat.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luciana de Resende Londe
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rodrigo Silva da Conceição
    • 1
  • Tiago Bernardes
    • 1
  • Mariane Carvalho de Assis Dias
    • 1
  1. 1.Cemaden - Brazilian Center for Monitoring and Warnings of Natural DisastersSão José dos CamposBrazil

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