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Application of the FEMA-P58 methodology for regional earthquake loss prediction

Abstract

Earthquake-induced building collapses and casualties have been effectively controlled in the last two decades. However, earthquake-induced economic losses have continued to rise. Following the objective and procedure of next-generation performance-based seismic design, the economic loss prediction method proposed by FEMA-P58 is extended to regional earthquake loss prediction in this study. The engineering demand parameters for a large number of buildings within a region are efficiently obtained through nonlinear time history analysis using multi-story concentrated-mass shear models. The building data, including structural and nonstructural components, are obtained through field investigation, structural and architectural drawings, and default database published in the FEMA-P58 document. A case study of Tsinghua University campus in Beijing is performed to demonstrate the implementation and advantage using proposed FEMA-P58 method for regional earthquake loss prediction. The results show the advancement in loss simulation for a region, and in identifying the influence of the different ground motion characteristics (e.g., velocity pulse) on the regional loss.

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Notes

  1. In this work, the economic losses of different years are adjusted into 2011 US$ considering inflation. The adjustment factors are calculated according to the Consumer Price Index (CPI) statistics provided by U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics or by referring to Coin News (2015). The adjustment factor from 2010 to 2011 is 1.03.

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Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful for the help from Runhua Gong, Qiuhan Huang, Huiping Li, Jian Liu, Shixuan Liu, Yizhe Meng, Yao Ming, Jian Yang, and Zhebiao Yang in the investigation and collection of basic building data, building design drawings, and property distribution, which forms the data basis of this work. The authors are also grateful for the financial support received from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51578320, 51378299), the National Key Technology R&D Program (No. 2015BAK14B02), and the National Non-profit Institute Research Grant of IGP-CEA (Grant No: DQJB14C01).

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Correspondence to Xinzheng Lu.

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Zeng, X., Lu, X., Yang, T.Y. et al. Application of the FEMA-P58 methodology for regional earthquake loss prediction. Nat Hazards 83, 177–192 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-016-2307-z

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-016-2307-z

Keywords

  • Earthquake engineering
  • FEMA-P58
  • Earthquake economic loss
  • Regional seismic damage simulation
  • Next-generation performance-based seismic design