Skip to main content
Log in

Hazard zoning for volcanic ballistic impacts at El Chichón Volcano (Mexico)

  • Original Paper
  • Published:
Natural Hazards Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

The 1982 eruption of El Chichón Volcano in southeastern Mexico had a strong social, economic, and environmental impact. The eruption gave rise to the most disastrous volcanic events in Mexico, killing around 2000 inhabitants, displacing thousands, and resulting in severe economic losses. Despite some villages were relocated after this eruption, many people still live and work in the vicinities of the volcano and might be affected in the case of a new eruption. For this reason, it is important to identify the exposed zones. The published hazard map of El Chichón Volcano covers pyroclastic flows and surges, lahars, and ashfall, but not ballistic projectiles, which would represent an important threat in the case of an eruption. In fact, the fatalities reported in the first stage of the 1982 eruption were caused by ballistic projectiles and ashfall that induced roof collapse. In this study, the hazard zones for volcanic ballistic projectiles at El Chichón Volcano are delimited through a general methodology that has been applied to other volcanoes such as Popocatépetl (Alatorre-Ibarguengoitia et al. in Bull Volcanol 74:2155–2169, 2012. doi:10.1007/s00445-012-0657-2) and Colima (Alatorre-Ibarguengoitia et al. in Geol Soc Am Spec Paper 402:26–39, 2006). The maximum launching kinetic energy of projectiles identified in the field corresponding to past eruptions is reconstructed by using a ballistic model. These energies are then used to parameterize different explosion scenarios that can occur in the future. The maximum ranges expected for the projectiles in the different explosive scenarios defined for El Chichón Volcano are presented in a ballistic hazard map which complements the published hazard map. The responsible authorities may use this map to be able to mark off the restricted zones during volcanic crises.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Alatorre-Ibargüengoitia MA, Delgado-Granados H (2006) Experimental determination of drag coefficient for volcanic materials: calibration and application of a model to Popocatépetl volcano (Mexico) ballistic projectiles. Geophys Res Lett 33:L11302. doi:10.1029/2006GL026195

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Alatorre-Ibargüengoitia MA, Delgado-Granados H, Farraz-Montes IA (2006) Hazard zoning for ballistic impact during volcanic explosions at Volcán de Fuego de Colima (Mexico). Geol Soc Am Spec Paper 402:26–39

    Google Scholar 

  • Alatorre-Ibargüengoitia MA, Delgado-Granados H, Dingwell DB (2012) Hazards map for volcanic ballistic impacts at popocatépetl volcano (Mexico). Bull Volcanol 74:2155–2169. doi:10.1007/s00445-012-0657-2

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Armienta MA, De la Cruz-Reyna S, Macías JL (2000) Chemical characteristics of the crater lakes of Popocatepetl, El Chichón, and Nevado de Toluca volcanoes, Mexico. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 97(1):105–125

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Armienta MA, De la Cruz-Reyna S, Ramos S, Ceniceros N, Cruz O, Aguayo A, Arcega-Cabrera F (2014) Hydrogeochemical surveillance at El Chichón volcano crater lake, Chiapas, Mexico. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 285:118–128

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bonasia R, Costa A, Folch A, Macedonio G, Capra L (2012) Numerical simulation of tephra transport and deposition of the 1982 El Chichón eruption and implications for hazard assessment. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 231–232:39–49

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bower SM, Woods AW (1996) On the dispersal of clasts from volcanic craters during small explosive eruptions. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 73:19–32

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Capaccioni B, Tarán Y, Tassi F, Vaselli O, Mangani F, Macías JL (2004) Source conditions and degradation processes of light hydrocarbons in volcanic gases: an example from El Chichón volcano, Chiapas State of Mexico. Chem Geol 206:81–96

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Carey S, Sigurdsson H (1986) The 1982 eruption of El Chichón volcano, Mexico (2): observation and numerical modelling of tephra-fall distribution. Bull Volcanol 48:127–141

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • De la Cruz-Reyna S, Martin Del Pozzo AL (2009) The 1982 eruption of El Chichón volcano, Mexico: eyewitness of the disaster. Geofis Int 48(1):21–31

    Google Scholar 

  • de’ Michieli Vitturi M, Neri A, Esposti Ongaro T, Lo Savio S, Boschi S (2010) Lagrangian modeling of large volcanic particles: applications to vulcanian explosions. J Geophys Res 115:B08206. doi:10.1029/2009JB007111

    Google Scholar 

  • Duffield WA, Tilling RI, Canul R (1984) Geology of Chichón volcano, Chiapas, Mexico. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 20:117–132

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Espíndola JM, Macías JL, Tilling RI, Sheridan MF (2000) Volcanic history of El Chichón Volcano (Chiapas, Mexico) during the Holocene, and its impact on human activity. Bull Volcanol 62:90–104

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Fagents SA, Wilson L (1993) Explosive volcanic eruptions-VII. The ranges of pyroclasts ejected in transient volcanic explosions. Geophys J Int 113:359–370

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Fitzgerald RH, Tsunematsu K, Kennedy BM, Breard ECP, Lube G, Wilson TM, Jolly AD, Pawson J, Rosenberg MD, Cronin SJ (2014) The application of a calibrated 3D ballistic trajectory model to ballistic hazard assessments at Upper Te Maari, Tongariro. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 286:248–262

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Instituto Nacional de Estadística Geografía e Informática (INEGI) (2010) Censo de población y vivenda 2010. INEGI, Mexico. http://www.inegi.org.mx

  • Konstantinou KI (2015) Maximum horizontal range of volcanic ballistic projectiles ejected during explosive eruptions at Santorini caldera. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 301:107–115

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Layer PW, García-Palomo A, Jones D, Macías JL, Arce JL, Mora JC (2009) El Chichón volcanic complex, Chiapas, México: stages of evolution based on field mapping and 40Ar/39Ar geochronology. Geofis Int 48:33–54

    Google Scholar 

  • Macías JL, Sheridan MF, Espíndola JM (1997) Reappraisal of the 1982 eruptions of El Chichón volcano, Chiapas, Mexico: new data from the proximal deposits. Bull Volcanol 59(6):459–471

    Google Scholar 

  • Macías JL, Arce JL, Mora JC, Espíndola JM, Saucedo R, Manetti P (2003) The ~550 BP Plinian eruption of el Chichón volcano, Chiapas, Mexico: explosive volcanism linked to reheating of a magma chamber. J Geophys Res 108(B12):2569. doi:10.1029/2003JB002551

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Macías JL, Capra L, Arce JL, Espíndola JM, García-Palomo A, Sheridan MF (2008) Hazard map of El Chichón volcano, Chiapas, México: constraints posed by eruptive history and computer simulations. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 175:444–458

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mastin LG (2001) A simple calculator of ballistic trajectories for blocks ejected during volcanic eruptions. Open-file Report 01-45, US Geological Survey, Vancouver

    Google Scholar 

  • Mora JC, Layer PW, Jaimes-Viera MC (2012) New 40Ar/39Ar ages from the Central Part of the Chiapanecan volcanic arc, Chiapas, México. Geofís Int 51(1):39–49

    Google Scholar 

  • Rose WI, Bornhorst TJ, Halsor SP, Capaul WA, Lumley S, De la Cruz-Reyna S, Mena M, Mota R (1984) Volcán El Chichón, Mexico: pre-1982 S-rich eruptive activity. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 23:147–167

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rouwet D, Taran Y, Varley N (2004) Dynamics and mass balance of El Chichón crater lake, Mexico. Geofís Int 43:427–434

    Google Scholar 

  • Scolamacchia T, Capra L (2015) El Chichón Volcano: Eruptive History. In: Scolamacchia T, Macias JL (eds) Active volcanoes of Chiapas (Mexico): El Chichón and Tacaná. Springer, Berlin, pp. 45–76

    Google Scholar 

  • Swanson D, Zolkos S, Haravitch B (2010) Ballistic blocks surrounding Kilauea’s caldera. Eos Am Geophys Union Trans 91:V33B–V0646B

    Google Scholar 

  • Taddeucci J, Alatorre-Ibarguengoitia M, Palladino DM, Scarlato P, Camaldo C (2015) High-speed imaging of Strombolian eruptions: gas-pyroclast dynamics in initial volcanic jets. Geophys Res Lett 42:6253–6260. doi:10.1002/2015GL064874

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Taran Y, Fisher TP, Pokrovsky B, Sano Y, Armienta MA, Macías JL (1998) Geochemistry of the volcano-hydrothermal sytem of El Chichón volcano, Chiapas, Mexico. Bull Volcanol 59:436–449

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tassi F, Vaselli O, Capaccioni B, Macías JL, Nencetti A, Montegrossi G, Magro G, Buccianti A (2003) Chemical composition of fumarolic gases and spring discharges from El Chichón volcano, Mexico: causes and implications of the changes detected over the period 1998–2000. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 13(1–2):105–121

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tilling RI, Rubin M, Sigurdsson H, Carey S, Duffield WA (1984) Prehistoric eruptive activity of El Chichón volcano, Mexico. Science 224:747–749

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tsunematsu K, Chopard B, Falcone J, Bonadonna C (2014) A numerical model of ballistic transport with collisions in a volcanic setting. Comput Geosci 63:62–69

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Vanderkluysen L, Harris AJL, Kelfoun K, Bonadonna C, Ripepe M (2012) Bombs behaving badly: unexpected trajectories and cooling of volcanic projectiles. Bull Volcanol 74:1849–1858. doi:10.1007/s00445-012-0635-8

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Waitt RB, Mastin LG, Miller TP (1995) Ballistic showers during crater peak eruptions of Mount Spurr volcano, summer 1992. USGS Bull 2139:89–106

    Google Scholar 

  • Wilson L (1972) Explosive volcanic eruptions II. The atmospheric trajectories of pyroclasts. Geophys J R Astron Soc 30:381–392

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Valdemar Alexander Roque Reyes and Mario Iván Ramírez Solis for field assistance and Octavio Aguilar Faviel for improving the text. This study was funded by the Programa al Mejoramiento del Profesorado (PROMEP) program. We are grateful to two anonymous reviewers for their careful reviews and constructive comments.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Miguel A. Alatorre-Ibargüengoitia.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Alatorre-Ibargüengoitia, M.A., Morales-Iglesias, H., Ramos-Hernández, S.G. et al. Hazard zoning for volcanic ballistic impacts at El Chichón Volcano (Mexico). Nat Hazards 81, 1733–1744 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-016-2152-0

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-016-2152-0

Keywords

Navigation