Advertisement

Natural Hazards

, Volume 79, Issue 3, pp 2163–2179 | Cite as

Flood risk perception in Central-Eastern European members states of the EU: a review

  • Pavel Raška
Review Article

Abstract

Central-Eastern European (CEE) post-communist member states of the European Union have experienced several catastrophic floods during the last two decades, resulting in further discussions on implementation of the European Flood Directive (EC in Directive on the assessment and management of flood risks. European Community 2007). A particular issue being discussed is the level of public involvement in flood risk reduction because these countries are burdened by former highly centralized policy resulting in certain specifics in flood risk perception by the public, stakeholders and authorities. Through this paper, we try to fill the gap in current understanding of limits in flood risk reduction in CEE countries by analysing the current research on flood risk perception. We reviewed 19 studies published between 1990 and 2014 that were analysed regarding determinants of flood risk perception and the role of individual and public involvement in flood risk reduction. Although the research agenda itself seems to reflect the current trends in Western Europe, the results display significant differences. Based on our analysis, we argue that the path dependencies in flood risk perception in CEE countries results in a “thin” concept of flood risk reduction. This concept can be characterized by (a) considering risk reduction as a temporary event rather than a process, (b) a reductionist view on risk reduction measures with prevailing financial tools and (c) strong reliance upon the regional and national authorities in terms of both the risk communication and prevention measures. This gives an impetus for further research on tailor-made strategies to overcome these limits and facilitate the implementation of the European Flood Directive.

Keywords

Flood Risk perception Public involvement Central-Eastern European Countries 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by Project Eupro II No. LE14010 “CrossFloods” under the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic. I am greatly indebted to Petr Dostál, whose inspiring comments helped to shape the early idea of this research. The authors would like to thank language editing services for English style revisions.

References

  1. Armaş I, Avram E (2009) Perception of flood risk in Danube Delta, Romania. Nat Hazards 50(2):269–287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Armaş I, Avram E (2012) Cognitive and emotional aspects in evaluating the flood risk. Procedia Soc Behav Sci 33:939–943CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Biernacki W, Działek J, Janas K, Padło T (2008) Community attitudes towards extreme phenomena relative to place of residence and previous experience. In: Liszewski S (ed) The influence of extreme phenomena on the natural environment and human living conditions. Łódzkie Towarzystwo Naukowe, Łódz, pp 207–237Google Scholar
  4. Bogdanska-Warmuz R (2001) A study of the knowledge and behavior of Brzesko inhabitants after the flood in 1997. In: Gruntfest E, Handmer J (eds) Coping with flash floods, NATO science series, vol 77. Springer, Berlin, pp 53–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Botzen WJW, Aerts JCJH, van den Bergh JCJM (2009) Willingness of homeowners to mitigate climate risk through insurance. Ecol Econ 68(8–9):2265–2277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bradford RA, O’Sullivan JJ, Van der Craats IM, Krywkow J, Rotko P, Aaltonen J, Bonaiuto M, De Dominicis S, Waylen K, Schelfaut K (2012) Risk perception: issues for flood management in Europe. Nat Hazards Earth Syst Sci 12(7):2299–2309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Brilly M, Polic M (2005) Public perception of flood risks, flood forecasting and mitigation. Nat Hazards Earth Syst Sci 5(3):345–355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bruen M, Gebre FA (2001) Worldwide public perception of flood risk in urban areas and it’s consequences for hydrological design in Ireland. Flood risk management proceedings Irish National Hydrology Seminar, Tullamore, Nov 2001Google Scholar
  9. Bubeck P, Botzen WJW, Aerts JCJH (2012) A review of risk perceptions and other factors that influence flood mitigation behavior. Risk Anal 32(9):1481–1495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Čamrová L (2006) How to evaluate the effectiveness of public expenditures on floods? (in Czech with English abstract). Vodní hospodářství 9:316–318Google Scholar
  11. Carmin J, VanDeveer S (2005) EU enlargement an the environment? Institutional change and environmental policy in central and eastern Europe. Routledge, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  12. Cutter SL, Boruff BJ, Shirley WL (2003) Social vulnerability to environmental hazards. Soc Sci Q 84:242–261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dostál P (2010) Environment and regional cohesion in the enlarged European Union: differences in public opinion. In: Anděl J, Bičík I, Dostál P, Lipský Z, Shahneshin SG (eds) Landscape modelling: geographical space, transformation and future scenarios. Springer, Amsterdam, pp 59–77Google Scholar
  14. Duží B, Vikhrov D, Kelman I, Stojanov R, Jakubínský J (2015) Household flood risk reduction in the Czech Republic. Mitig Adapt Strat Glob Change 20(4): 499–504Google Scholar
  15. Działek J, Biernacki W, Bokwa A (2013) Challenges to social capacity building in flood-affected areas of southern Poland. Nat Hazards Earth Syst Sci 13:2555–2566CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. EC (2007) Directive on the assessment and management of flood risks. European CommunityGoogle Scholar
  17. EC (2010) A Community approach on the prevention of natural and man-made disasters. European CommunityGoogle Scholar
  18. EC (2011) EU Strategy for supporting disaster risk reduction in developing countries 2011–2014. European CommunityGoogle Scholar
  19. EEA (2010) Mapping the impacts of natural hazards and technological accidents in Europe. An overview of the last decade. EEA technical report no 13/2010. European Environment Agency, CopenhagenGoogle Scholar
  20. Elander I, Gustafsson M (2006) The re-emergence of local self-government in Central Europe. Eur J Polit Res 23:295–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Eurobarometer (2008) Attitudes of European citizens towards the environment, no. 295-EB62.1, European CommunityGoogle Scholar
  22. Eurobarometer (2011) Attitudes of European citizens towards the environment, no. 365-EB75.2, European CommunityGoogle Scholar
  23. Eurobarometer (2014) Attitudes of European citizens towards the environment, no. 416-EB81.3, European CommunityGoogle Scholar
  24. Giddens A (1984) The constitution of society. Polity Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  25. Giovarelli R, Bledsoe D (2001) Land reform in Eastern Europe. FAO, RomeGoogle Scholar
  26. Guha-Sapir D, Below R, Hoyois Ph—EM-DAT (2015) International Disaster Database. Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium. www.emdat.be
  27. Hadler M, Wohlkönig P (2012) Environmental behaviours in the Czech Republic, Austria and Germany between 1993 and 2010: macro-level trends and individual-level determinants compared. Czech Sociol Rev 48:667–692Google Scholar
  28. Hall J, Arheimer B, Borga M, Brázdil R, Claps P, Kiss A, Kjeldsen TR, Kriaučiuniené J, Kundzewicz ZW, Lang M, Llasat MC, Macdonald N, McIntyre N, Mediero L, Merz B, Merz R, Molnar P, Montanari A, Neuhold C, Parajka J, Perdigão RAP, Plavcová L, Rogger M, Salinas JL, Sauquet E, Schär C, Szolgay J, Viglione A, Blöschl G (2014) Understanding flood regime changes in Europe: a state-of-the-art assessment. Hydrol Earth Syst Sci 18:2735–2772CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Hartmann T, Juepner R (2014) The flood risk management plan: an essential step towards the institutionalization of a paradigm shift. Int J Water Gov 2(1):107–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Hartvigsen M (2013) Land reform and land fragmentation in Central and Eastern Europe. Land Use Policy 36:330–341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Hladný J, Krátká M, Kašpárek L (2004) August 2002 catastrophic flood in the Czech Republic. Ministry of Environment of the Czech Republic, PragueGoogle Scholar
  32. Hunka A (2008) Flood risk perception and place attachment: a case study in Poland research. In: Freude am Fluss final conference “space for the river, space for people”. Radboud University, NijmegenGoogle Scholar
  33. Jakubcová A, Grežo H, Hrešková A, Petrovič F (2014) Impacts of flooding on the quality of life in rural regions of southern Slovakia. Appl Res Qual Life. doi: 10.1007/s11482-014-9363-x Google Scholar
  34. Kaniasty K (2011) Predicting social psychological well-being following trauma: the role of predisaster social support. Psychol Trauma: Theory Res Pract Policy 4(1):22–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Kellens W, Terpstra T, De Maeyer P (2013) Perception and communication of flood risks: a systematic review of empirical research. Risk Anal 33(1):24–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Kiisel M, Vihalemma T (2014) Why the transformation of the risk message is a healthy sign: a model of the reception of warning messages. Health Risk Soc 16(3):277–294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Knuth D, Kehl D, Hulse L, Schmidt S (2014) Risk perception, experience, and objective risk: a cross-national study with European emergency survivors. Risk Anal 34(7):1286–1298CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Koutský J, Raška P, Dostál P, Herrschel T (eds) (2014) Transitions in regional science: regions in transitions: regional research in central Europe. Wolters Kluwer, PragueGoogle Scholar
  39. Kundzewicz ZW, Szamalek K, Kowalczak P (1999) The great flood of 1997 in Poland. Hydrol Sci J 44:855–870CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Lamond J, Proverbs D, Hammond F (2009) Accessibility of flood risk insurance in the UK: confusion, competition and complacency. J Risk Res 12(6):825–841CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Loučková B (2014) Eastern European perspective on the environmental aspects in current flood risk management: The example of the Czech Republic. In: Bhaduri A, Bogardi J, Leentvaar J, Marx S (eds) The global water system in the anthropocene. Springer Water, New York, pp 183–195Google Scholar
  42. Lumbroso D, Asselman N, Bakonyi P, Gaume E, Logtmeijer Ch, Nobis A, Woods-Ballard B (2007) Review report of operational flood management methods and models. FloodSite Consortium, WL Delft. <http://www.floodsite.net>
  43. Marquart-Pyatt ST (2012) Environmental concerns in cross-national context: how do mass publics in central and eastern Europe compare with other regions of the world? Czech Sociol Rev 48:641–666Google Scholar
  44. Mudelsee M, Börngen M, Tetzlaff G, Grünewald W (2003) No upward trends in the occurrence of extreme floods in central Europe. Nature 425:166–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Newig J, Challies E, Jager N, Kochskämper E (2014) What role for public participation in implementing the EU floods directive? A comparison with the water framework directive, early evidence from Germany and a Research Agenda. Environ Policy Gov 24(4):275–288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Newman P, Thornley A (1996) Urban planning in Europe. International competition, national systems and planning projects. Routledge, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Pavlínek P, Pickles J (2000) Environmental transitions: transformation and ecological defence in central and eastern Europe. Routledge, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  48. Pelling M (2003) The vulnerability of cities: natural disasters and social resilience. Earthscan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  49. Polic M, Brilly M, Tušak M (1998) Influence of the living site on the perception of flood risk. Acta Hydrotech FGG 16(23):85–94Google Scholar
  50. Raška P (2013) Political regulations and social perception of natural risks: “risk society” the Czech experience and the European context. Acta Univ Carol Geogr 48(2):61–74Google Scholar
  51. Raška P, Brázdil R (2015) Participatory responses to historical flash floods and their relevance for current risk reduction: a view from a post-communist country. Area 47(2):166–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Romanescu G, Nistor I (2011) The effects of the July 2005 catastrophic inundations in the Siret River’s Lower Watershed, Romania. Nat Hazards 57(2):345–368CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Sheaffer JR, Mullan JD, Hinch NB (2002) Encouraging wise use of flood plains with market-based incentives. Environment 44(1):32–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Sjöberg L (2000) Factors in risk perception. Risk Anal 20(1):1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Slavíková L, Jílková J (2011) Implementing the public participation principle into water management in the Czech Republic: a critical analysis. Reg Stud 45:545–557CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Slovic P (1987) Perception of risk. Science 236:280–285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. StarFlood (2014) Towards improving the implementation of integrated flood risk management. Policy brief 1. <www.starflood.eu>
  58. Svahn Ch (2013) Risk Perception and Communication: a study on how people living in the Tisza river Basin, hungary perceive the risk of floods and how the flood risk communication between authorities and the public could be improved. M.A. thesis, Stockholm University, StockholmGoogle Scholar
  59. Terpstra T, Lindell MK, Gutteling JM (2009) Does communicating (flood) risk affect (flood) risk perceptions? Results of a quasi-experimental study. Risk Anal 2(8):1141–1155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Turok I, Mykhnenko V (2007) The trajectories of European cities, 1960–2005. Cities 24(3):165–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. van Aalst MK (2006) The impacts of climate change on the risk of natural disasters. Disasters 30(1):5–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Vari A (2002) Public involvement in flood risk management in Hungary. J Risk Res 5(3):211–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Vari A, Linnerooth-Bayer J, Ferencz Z (2003) Stakeholder views on flood risk management in Hungary’s upper Tisza Basin. Risk Anal 23(3):585–600CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Wachinger G, Renn O, Begg Ch, Kuhlicke Ch (2013) The risk perception Paradox—Implications for governance and communication of natural hazards. Risk Anal 33(6):1049–1065CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Wiejaczka Ł, Piróg D, Soja R, Serwa M (2014) Community perception of the Klimkówka reservoir in Poland. Int J Water Resour Dev 30(4):649–661CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Zaleskiewicz T, Piskorz Z, Borkowska A (2002) Fear or money? Decisions on insuring oneself against flooding. Risk Decis Policy 7:221–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.J. E. Purkyně University in Ústí nad LabemUsti Nad LabemCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations