Natural Hazards

, Volume 77, Issue 2, pp 959–985 | Cite as

Detecting areas affected by flood using multi-temporal ALOS PALSAR remotely sensed data in Karawang, West Java, Indonesia

  • Fajar Yulianto
  • Parwati Sofan
  • Any Zubaidah
  • Kusumaning Ayu Dyah Sukowati
  • Junita Monika Pasaribu
  • Muhammad Rokhis Khomarudin
Original Paper


The normalized change index and split-based approach methods have been applied in this research to create the semiautomatic unsupervised change-detection areas affected by flood using multi-temporal Advanced Land Observing Satellite Phased Array L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (ALOS PALSAR) remotely sensed data. This research is focused to provide information related to the flood inundation event that occurred in March 2010, in Karawang, West Java, Indonesia. The objectives of this research are as follows: (1) to generate a flood inundation map as rapid mapping steps in disaster mitigation effort and (2) to identify and assess the environmental damage caused by flood inundation event in the research area. ALOS PALSAR remotely sensed data with the acquisition pre-flood (March 09, 2010) and post-flood (March 26, 2010) were used for mapping flood inundation event. Flood inundation map and land-use data are used for the identification and assessment of the environmental damage caused by flood inundation event, which is done with GIS environment tools. The flood inundation event is estimated to have an impact of 7,158 ha for settlements; 20,039 ha for paddy fields; 668 ha for plantations; 1,641 ha for farms; 198 ha for agricultural cultivations; 1,161 ha for shrubberies; 1,022 ha for industrials; and 1,019 ha for road areas. The total number of building damages is estimated to be around 16,350 units. In general, this method can be used to assist emergency response efforts, through an inventory of areas affected by floods. In addition, the use of this method can be applied and it is recommended for future research in different locations, which are consistent and reliable to detect areas affected by other disasters such as flash floods, landslide, tsunami, volcano eruptions, and forest fire.


Remote sensing ALOS PALSAR Change detection Flood inundations Karawang Indonesia 



This paper is a part of the activities research entitled “Reinforcement the regional capacity in the utilization of SAR data for risk reduction and disaster mitigation.” This research was funded by the budget of DIPA-PKPP activities in 2012, Ministry of Research and Technology (RISTEK) and the Indonesian National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN). ALOS PALSAR remote sensing data were provided by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). Topographic maps were provided by the Geospatial Information Agency (BIG). Field survey and other data were provided by Development Planning Board (DPB) BAPPEDA—Karawang and Regional Agency for Disaster Management (BPBD)—Province of West Java, Indonesia.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fajar Yulianto
    • 1
  • Parwati Sofan
    • 1
  • Any Zubaidah
    • 1
  • Kusumaning Ayu Dyah Sukowati
    • 1
  • Junita Monika Pasaribu
    • 1
  • Muhammad Rokhis Khomarudin
    • 1
  1. 1.Remote Sensing Application CenterIndonesian National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN)JakartaIndonesia

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