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Seismic risk assessment of the 3rd Azerbaijan gas pipeline in Iran

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A comprehensive seismic risk assessment has been performed for the existing route of the 3rd Azerbaijan natural gas buried pipeline in Iran. The major active seismic sources along the pipeline were identified and the geometrical parameters as well as the seismicity rates were determined. The seismic hazard assessment of the ground vibrations along the pipeline was performed in the framework of the Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analysis using the CRISIS 2007 software. All of the components of the gas pipeline along the route were identified and the corresponding fragility functions are established through the methodology described in the HAZUS guideline (HAZUS MH MR4 Technical manual 2007 Department of homeland security emergency. Preparedness and Response Directorate, FEMA). A detailed cost analyses was taken into consideration based on the expert opinions in the National Iranian Gas Company, in order to provide more practical loss model for the pipeline route. Also, a simple method is suggested in order to account for the vent gas in the total loss estimation. The spatial analysis of the hazard function layer in combination with the loss model layer, in Geographical Information System  (GIS) platform, reveal the financial consequences of different earthquake scenarios.

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The research conducted by the authors has been funded by the National Iranian Gas Transmission Company (NIGTC) under Grant Number 51097-110. This support is gratefully acknowledged. Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the funding body. The authors are also grateful to thank Mr. Amir Hosein Asgarian from NIGTC, who was the industrial advisor in this study.

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Correspondence to Alireza Azarbakht.

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Mousavi, M., Hesari, M. & Azarbakht, A. Seismic risk assessment of the 3rd Azerbaijan gas pipeline in Iran. Nat Hazards 74, 1327–1348 (2014).

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