Natural Hazards

, Volume 70, Issue 1, pp 447–470 | Cite as

Volcanic tsunami: a review of source mechanisms, past events and hazards in Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea)

  • Raphaël ParisEmail author
  • Adam D. Switzer
  • Marina Belousova
  • Alexander Belousov
  • Budianto Ontowirjo
  • Patrick L. Whelley
  • Martina Ulvrova
Original Paper


Southeast Asia has had both volcanic tsunamis and possesses some of the most densely populated, economically important and rapidly developing coastlines in the world. This contribution provides a review of volcanic tsunami hazard in Southeast Asia. Source mechanisms of tsunami related to eruptive and gravitational processes are presented, together with a history of past events in the region. A review of available data shows that many volcanoes are potentially tsunamigenic and present often neglected hazard to the rapidly developing coasts of the region. We highlight crucial volcanic provinces in Indonesia, the Philippines and Papua New Guinea and propose strategies for facing future events.


Volcanic tsunami Volcano instability Pyroclastic flow Underwater explosion Southeast Asia Indonesia Philippines Papua New Guinea 



The authors are particularly grateful to Dale Dominey-Howes and an anonymous reviewer, who provided very detailed comments and significantly improved the quality of the manuscript, and to Yudhicara, who provided reference on the 1979 Iliwerung landslide tsunami. This research is partially supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF) Singapore under its Singapore NRF Fellowship scheme (National Research Fellow Award No. NRF-RF2010-04), by the Laboratory of Excellence ClerVolc (Clermont-Ferrand France) and by the FEDER. Additional funding came from EOS which is supported by the National Research Foundation Singapore and the Singapore Ministry of Education under the Research Centres of Excellence initiative. This is Laboratory of Excellence ClerVolc contribution no 70. This is Earth Observatory of Singapore (EOS) contribution 54.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raphaël Paris
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Adam D. Switzer
    • 3
    • 4
  • Marina Belousova
    • 3
  • Alexander Belousov
    • 3
  • Budianto Ontowirjo
    • 5
  • Patrick L. Whelley
    • 3
  • Martina Ulvrova
    • 1
  1. 1.Clermont Université, Université Blaise PascalClermont-FerrandFrance
  2. 2.CNRS, UMR 6524Clermont-FerrandFrance
  3. 3.Earth Observatory of SingaporeNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore
  4. 4.Division of Earth SciencesNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore
  5. 5.BPDP BPPTJakartaIndonesia

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