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Natural Hazards

, Volume 73, Issue 2, pp 191–212 | Cite as

Population displacement after cyclone and its consequences: empirical evidence from coastal Bangladesh

  • Bishawjit Mallick
  • Joachim Vogt
Original Paper

Abstract

This study investigates the disaster-induced population displacement scenario at individual household level in Bangladesh. ‘Population displacement’ is seen here as an alternative adaptation option to natural hazard for the survivors after cyclone Aila. The changes both in origin and destination community due to population displacement are described here on the basis of social ‘inclusion’ and ‘exclusion’ concept. The field survey was conducted during March–July 2010, and a sample of 280 respondents from 12 villages in southwest coastal Bangladesh was interviewed. Findings show that at the end of emergency aid, male members of the family started moving towards nearer cities to find an income. Based on the income and asset distribution at the community level, this study developed a societal cluster of displacement and demonstrates the societal changes because of cyclone-induced population displacement.

Keywords

Population displacement Societal cluster Cyclone Aila Social change Coastal Bangladesh 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by a Doctoral Dissertation Research Grants from Catholic Academic Exchange Services (KAAD), Germany and Field Research Grant from Karlsruhe House of Young Scientists (KHYS) of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT). Authors are very grateful to Dr. R. Mcleman from Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada and Dr. Leah Vanwey of Brown University, USA for their insightful guidance through out the final paper preparation. Special thanks are given to Tommasina Miller for her supports in linguistic and grammatical edits. Thoughtful comments from the anonymous reviewers and the journal editor are also sincerely appreciated.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Regional Science (IfR)Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)KarlsruheGermany

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