Natural Hazards

, Volume 66, Issue 2, pp 229–247 | Cite as

Extracting the damaging effects of the 2010 eruption of Merapi volcano in Central Java, Indonesia

  • Fajar Yulianto
  • Parwati Sofan
  • Muhammad Rokhis Khomarudin
  • Muhammad Haidar
Original Paper


This research focuses on providing information related to the damaging effects of the 2010 eruption of Merapi volcano in Central Java, Indonesia. This information will be used to help emergency responders to assess losses more timely and efficiently, and to monitor the progress in emergency response and recovery. The objectives of this research are: (a) to generate a map of pyroclastic deposits based on activities pre- and post-volcano eruption of 2010 in the research area, (b) to investigate the impact of volcano eruption on the environment, and (c) to assess the impact of volcano eruption on landuse. ALOS PALSAR remote sensing data pre- and post-disaster were used in this research for mapping the volcano eruption. Topographic and geomorphological maps were analyzed for profiling and field orientation, which were used to investigate the impact of volcano eruption on the environment. SPOT 4 satellite images were used in this research for updating landuse information from the topographic map. The result of the landuse updated data was used for assessment of the volcano eruption’s impact on landuse with the GIS raster environment. The volcanic eruption that occurred in 2010 is estimated to have an impact of 133.31 ha for settlements, 92.32 ha for paddy fields, 235.60 ha for dry farming, 570.98 ha for plantations, 380.86 ha for bare land, and 0.12 ha for forest areas. An estimate of the number of buildings damaged due to the volcano eruption in 2010 was carried out by overlaying a map of pyroclastic deposits and the information point of the building sites from the topographic map. The total number of buildings damaged is estimated to be around 12,276 units.


Merapi volcano eruption Remote sensing Building damage Agricultural loss ALOS PALSAR GIS technology Central Java Indonesia 



This paper is a part of the activities research entitled “Mapping regional volcano risk based on the remote sensing data”. This research was funded by the budget of DIPA activities in 2011, Remote Sensing Application Center, Indonesian National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN). Thanks go to Mr. Agus Hidayat, M.Sc. (Director of Remote Sensing Application Center, LAPAN) who has supported the implementation of this research. ALOS PALSAR data were provided by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). Topographic map and field survey data were provided by the National Coordinating Agency for Survey and Mapping (BAKOSURTANAL). The geomorphology map was provided by the Faculty of Geography, Gadjah Mada University (GMU).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fajar Yulianto
    • 1
  • Parwati Sofan
    • 1
  • Muhammad Rokhis Khomarudin
    • 1
  • Muhammad Haidar
    • 2
  1. 1.Remote Sensing Application CenterIndonesian National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN)JakartaIndonesia
  2. 2.National Coordinating Agency for Surveys and Mapping (BAKOSURTANAL)JakartaIndonesia

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