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Building resilience to natural hazards in Indonesia: progress and challenges in implementing the Hyogo Framework for Action


Over the last 50 years, the cost of natural disasters has increased globally and in Indonesia (EM-DAT 2012). We therefore need more systematic efforts in trying to reduce disaster risks. In 2005, the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction created the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005–2015: ‘Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities’, in order to enable a more systematic planning, implementation and evaluation of disaster risk reduction (DRR) activities. In this paper, we examine Indonesia’s success in improving DRR by reviewing the country’s progress in implementing the HFA Priorities for Actions. This includes an analysis of the drivers, challenges and emerging issues in building resilience to natural hazards. The study is undertaken through literature reviews and interviews with 26 representatives of key organisations in DRR and climate change adaptation (CCA) in Indonesia. Our findings indicate that the building disaster resilience in Indonesia has been, to a large extent, driven by the existence of the necessary regulatory policies and frameworks and the participation of various non-government stakeholders. Impediments to process include a lack of capacity and capability for DRR at the local government level, a lack of systematic learning and a lack of commitment from government to mainstream DRR into broader development agendas. Emerging pressing issues that are likely to challenge future resilience building activities include the integration of DRR and CCA and urban risk governance.

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    The first author was involved in the Makassar city project as part of the CSIRO Climate Change Adaptation Flagship (


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Djalante, R., Thomalla, F., Sinapoy, M.S. et al. Building resilience to natural hazards in Indonesia: progress and challenges in implementing the Hyogo Framework for Action. Nat Hazards 62, 779–803 (2012).

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  • Disaster risk reduction
  • Resilience
  • Hyogo Framework for Action
  • Indonesia
  • Progress
  • Challenges