Natural Hazards

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 229–241 | Cite as

Post-Bam earthquake: recovery and reconstruction

Original Paper

Abstract

This paper gives a brief explanation of the earthquake in Bam. It also reports on the rescue and relief operations, including the construction of emergency shelters and temporary housing, and on the country’s plan for the reconstruction of the city, which includes debris removal, the rebuilding of rural and urban residential and commercial units, the reconstruction of state and public buildings and public facilities such as schools, rural and urban water aqueducts and grids, the construction of a sewage system, power network and telecommunication system, the provision of water to orchards and farmlands, the renovation of industries and the revival of the cultural heritage, particularly the historical Bam citadel, among others. We also report briefly on the effect of the Bam earthquake on the Iran Earthquake Risk Reduction Strategy and actions.

Keywords

Bam, Iran Construction Bazar Emergency shelters Local participation Reconstruction strategy funding Rescue and relief Risk Reduction Temporary housing 

References

  1. Askari F et al (2004) Preliminary seismic microzonation of Bam. J Seismol Earthq Eng 5:69–80Google Scholar
  2. Eshghi S, Zare M (2004) IIEES reconnaissance report on 26 December 2003, Bam Earthquake. IIEES Publ, TehranGoogle Scholar
  3. Ghafory-Ashtiany M (1999) Rescue operation and reconstruction of recent earthquakes in Iran. Disaster Prevent Manage J 8:5–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ghafory-Ashtiany M (2004) Bam earthquake of 05:26:26 of 26 December 2003, Ms6.5. J Seismol Earthq Eng 5:1–3Google Scholar
  5. Ghafory-Ashtiany M (2006) Earthquake risk management strategies: the Iranian experience. UNESCO, Tehran Cluster Office, Tehran, IranGoogle Scholar
  6. Hosseini M (2007) Reconstruction of towns and cities after destructive earthquakes: challenges and possibilities form the urban design point of view. In: Proc 9th Can Conf Earthq Eng (in press)Google Scholar
  7. Iran Statistics Center-ISC (2004) The results of the places and families listing of Bam earthquake regions. ISC, TehranGoogle Scholar
  8. Ministry of Housing and Urban Development. (2004) The preliminary report of Bam city. Deputy of the Engineering Statute and Building Executing, Tehran, IranGoogle Scholar
  9. The Acts collection of “Bam Reconstruction Headquarter” (2004). Tehran, IranGoogle Scholar
  10. The Collection of Work Progress Reports of the Islamic Revolution Housing Foundation (IHF) (2004–2006). Islamic Revolution Housing Foundation, Tehran, IranGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Risk Management Center of ExcellenceInternational Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (IIEES)TehranIran

Personalised recommendations