Early Research on the Localization of the Primary Gustatory Cortex

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1


  1. 1.

    The English transliteration of the Russian neurologist’s name is “Vladimir Bekhterev”. In his German publications, his name is written “Wladimir von Bechterew”.

  2. 2.

    In Gorshkov’s German publications, his name is written “J. P. Gorschkow”.


  1. Bechterew, W. v. (1899). Untersuchungsergebnisse betreffend die Erregbarkeit des hinteren Abschnittes des Stirnlappens. Archiv für Anatomie und Physiologie. Physiologische Abtheilung, 500–503. https://archive.org/details/archivfrphysiol05berlgoog. Accessed 10 April 2015.

  2. Börnstein, W. S. (1940). Cortical representation of taste in man and monkey. I. Functional and anatomical relations of taste, olfaction, and somatic sensibility. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine, 12, 719–736. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2602455/pdf/yjbm00526-0124.pdf. Accessed 10 April 2015.

  3. Campbell, A. W. (1905). Histological studies on the localisation of cerebral functions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://archive.org/details/histologicalstu00campgoog. Accessed 10 April 2015.

  4. Datta, R., Lee, J., Duda, J., Avants, B. B., Vite, C. H., Tseng, B., et al. (2012). A digital atlas of the dog brain. PLoS One, 7, e52140. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0052140. Accessed 10 April 2015.

  5. Eberstaller, O. (1887). Zur Anatomie und Morphologie der Insula Reilii. Anatomischer Anzeiger, 24, 739–750. https://archive.org/details/anatomischeranze02anat. Accessed 10 April 2015.

  6. Frank, S., Kullmann, S., & Veit, R. (2013). Food related processes in the insular cortex. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 499. http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fnhum.2013.00499/full. Accessed 10 April 2015.

  7. Gasquoine, P. G. (2014). Contributions of the insula to cognition and emotion. Neuropsychology Review, 24, 77–87.

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Gorschkow, J. P. (1901). Ueber die Localisation des Geschmackscentrums in der Hirnrinde. Monatsschrift für Psychiatrie und Neurologie, 10, 469. http://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/221046. Accessed 10 April 2015.

  9. Guldberg, G. A. (1887). Zur Morphologie der Insula Reilii. Anatomischer Anzeiger, 21, 659–665. https://archive.org/details/anatomischeranze02anat. Accessed 10 April 2015.

  10. Monakow, C. v. (1905). Gehirnpathologie. Wien: Alfred Hölder. https://archive.org/details/gehirnpathologie01mona. Accessed 10 April 2015.

  11. Reil, J. C. (1809). Die Sylvische Grube oder das Thal, das gestreifte grosse Hirnganglium, dessen Kapsel und die Seitentheile des grossen Gehirns. Archiv für die Physiologie, 9, 195–208. https://archive.org/details/archivfrdiephys02reilgoog. Accessed 10 April 2015.

  12. Rosenbach, P. (1901). Ueber Geschmacks- und Geruchscentren in der Hirnrinde, von Dr. Gorschkow. (Inaug.-Dissert. St. Petersburg 1901). Neurologisches Centralblatt, 20, 1092–1093. https://archive.org/details/neurologischesz02unkngoog. Accessed 10 April 2015.

  13. Small, D. M. (2010). Taste representation in the human insula. Brain Structure and Function, 214, 551–561.

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Tschermak, A. (1909). Die Physiologie des Gehirns. In W. Nagel (Ed.), Handbuch der Physiologie des Menschen. Vierter Band. Physiologie des Nerven- und Muskelsystems (pp. 1–206). Braunschweig: Friedrich Vieweg. https://archive.org/details/handbuchderphysi04nageuoft. Accessed 10 April 2015.

Download references


The author would like to thank Dr. Marina A. Akimenko, Associate Professor and Scientific Secretary at the V. M. Bekhterev Psychoneurological Research Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia, for valuable information on the life and career of Yakov Pavlovich Gorshkov.

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Peter Sörös.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Sörös, P. Early Research on the Localization of the Primary Gustatory Cortex. Neuropsychol Rev 25, 216–218 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11065-015-9287-8

Download citation


  • Anterior Insula
  • Taste Sensation
  • Military Medical Academy
  • Frontalis Muscle
  • German Publication