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Neurochemical Research

, Volume 42, Issue 8, pp 2230–2245 | Cite as

Post-natal Deletion of Neuronal cAMP Responsive-Element Binding (CREB)-1 Promotes Pro-inflammatory Changes in the Mouse Hippocampus

  • Elisa Marchese
  • Valentina Di Maria
  • Daniela Samengo
  • Giovambattista Pani
  • Fabrizio MichettiEmail author
  • Maria Concetta GelosoEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

By taking advantage of a “floxed” conditional CREB mutant mouse (CREB1loxP/loxP), in which postnatal deletion of the Creb gene in the forebrain is driven by the calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II-α gene (Camk2a) promoter (BCKO mice), we here show that selective disruption of CREB function in adult forebrain neurons results, in adult mice, in morphological alterations at the hippocampal level, including hippocampal shrinkage, reduced somal volume of neurons, microgliosis and mild reactive astrocytosis, mainly involving the CA1 subfield. The huge increase of microglial cells showing a mild activated profile, and the higher percentage of double-stained GFAP/S100B astrocytes, together with the increased expression of S100b mRNA at hippocampal level, suggest the establishment of a sub-inflammatory environment in the hippocampus of BCKO mice compared with age-matched controls. Collectively, the present data link neuron-specific, adult deletion of CREB to hippocampal structural alterations and to the early appearance of neuropathological features closely resembling those occurring in the aged brain. This information may be valuable for the understanding of the role of CREB in neuroinflammatory pathways.

Keywords

cAMP responsive-element binding (CREB) Neuroinflammation Hippocampus Microglia Astroglia S100B 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by funds from Università Cattolica del S. Cuore to F.M. (Linea D3.2 2013). The Authors wish to thank E. Guadagni and D. Bonvissuto for excellent technical support.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 16 KB)
11064_2017_2233_MOESM2_ESM.tif (400 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (TIF 400 KB)
11064_2017_2233_MOESM3_ESM.tif (482 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (TIF 482 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elisa Marchese
    • 1
  • Valentina Di Maria
    • 1
  • Daniela Samengo
    • 2
  • Giovambattista Pani
    • 2
  • Fabrizio Michetti
    • 1
    Email author
  • Maria Concetta Geloso
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Anatomy and Cell BiologyUniversità Cattolica del Sacro CuoreRomeItaly
  2. 2.Institute of General PathologyUniversità Cattolica del Sacro CuoreRomeItaly

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