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EEG Activity during Realization of Manual Movements by Individuals with Different Characteristics of the Alpha Rhythm

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Neurophysiology Aims and scope

We examined 105 19- to 21-year-old men with a high or low individual modal alpha-frequency in their background EEGs. Latencies of the sensorimotor simple and complex (choice) reactions, rate capabilities of the nervous processes in the tapping test, and spectral power and coherence of the frequency EEG components were estimated. Estimations were obtained for each examined person in the resting state and during finger movements with a force loading (bending of the fingers in the fist and their spreading). Men with relatively high background modal frequencies of the alpha rhythm were characterized by a higher level of the attention selectivity and more local modifications of EEG activity related to realization of manual movements. Somewhat less-differentiated patterns of cortical activation were typical of persons with lower modal alpha-frequencies; this may correlate with a lower plasticity of the cerebral processes under conditions of the control of manual motor activity with force loading and maintenance of the pre-set movement rate. Men with higher modal alpha-frequencies demonstrated better rate indices in the performance of sensorimotor reactions.

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Morenko, A.G. EEG Activity during Realization of Manual Movements by Individuals with Different Characteristics of the Alpha Rhythm. Neurophysiology 49, 143–150 (2017).

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