Finding Avalon: The Place and Meaning of the Otherworld in Marie de France’s Lanval
- 1.5k Downloads
The brunt of scholarship on Marie de France’s Lanval portrays Lanval’s fantastical “Otherworld” as “utopic” in the term’s oldest sense: it is a world that has “no place.” Such scholarship severs the linkage of Otherworld and reality indicated by the lai; the relationship between earth and Avalon, in which one achieves the other, is dis-placed for a simple and disjointed “multivalence of reality” (Hodgson 23). This article discusses Lanval’s Otherworld/Avalon using Anne Wilson’s psychoanalytic approach to a fantastical text “as if the text were a human subject.” Through this approach, this article hopes to reclaim the latent, universal significance of the notion of “Otherworld.”
KeywordsMarie de France Lanval Breton lai Otherworld Fantasy Magic Psychoanalytic Realism
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- De France, M., (1995). Lanval. In R.W. Hanning & J.M. Ferrante (Eds.), The lais of Marie de France: Translated, with an introduction and notes (pp. 105–126). Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic. (Original work c. late 12th century).Google Scholar
- Epiphany (n.d.). Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved June 10, 2013, from http://www.etymonline.com/index.php.
- Hanning, R. W., & Ferrante, J. M. (1995). Notes. In R. W. Hanning & J. M. Ferrante (Eds.), The lais of Marie de France: Translated, with an introduction and notes (pp. 105–126). Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic.Google Scholar
- Hodgson, F. (1974). Alienation and the Otherworld in Lanval, Yonec, and Guigemar. Comitatus: A Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 5(1), 19–31.Google Scholar
- Wilson, A. (2001). Plots and powers: Magical structures in medieval narrative. Gainesville: U of Florida P.Google Scholar