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Tumor recurrence patterns after surgical resection of intracranial low-grade gliomas

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Tumor recurrence patterns after resection of intracranial low-grade gliomas (LGG) generally remain obscured. The objective of the present retrospective study was their multifaceted analysis, evaluation of associated factors, and assessment of impact on prognosis.


Study group comprised 81 consecutive adult patients (46 men and 35 women; median age, 37 years) with recurrent diffuse astrocytomas (DA; 51 cases) and oligodendrogliomas (OD; 30 cases). The median length of follow-up after primary surgery was 6.7 years.


Early (within 2 years after primary surgery) and non-early (> 2 years after primary surgery) recurrence was noted in 23 (28%) and 58 (72%) cases, respectively. Fast (≤ 6 months) and slow ( > 6 months) radiological progression of relapse was noted in 31 (38%) and 48 (59%) cases, respectively. Tumor recurrence was local and non-local in 71 (88%) and 10 (12%) cases, respectively. Recurrence patterns have differed in OD, IDH1-mutant DA, and IDH wild-type DA. Early onset, fast radiological progression, and non-local site of relapse had statistically significant negative impact on overall survival of patients and were often associated with malignant transformation of the tumor (38 cases). However, in subgroup with extent of resection ≥ 90% (56 cases) no differences in recurrence characteristics were found between 3 molecularly defined groups of LGG.


Recurrence patterns after resection of LGG show significant variability, differ in distinct molecularly defined types of tumors, and demonstrate definitive impact on prognosis. Aggressive resection at the time of primary surgery may result in more favorable characteristics of recurrence at the time of its development.

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Correspondence to Yoshihiro Muragaki.

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Fukuya, Y., Ikuta, S., Maruyama, T. et al. Tumor recurrence patterns after surgical resection of intracranial low-grade gliomas. J Neurooncol 144, 519–528 (2019).

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